Capacitating Forestry, Agricultural and Fire Services of Nepal
in Landscape Fire Management and Local Rural Communities in Self-Defense
Wildfires in high-altitude
Hindu Kush-Himalayas (HKH) ecosystems are a major driver for destruction of
pristine biodiversity, including the habitats of many endangered species.
During the long and intense dry seasons occurring annually in the region,
wildfires are a regular phenomenon, many of them having a potential to cause
major damages; e.g., loss of lives and properties, serious degradation of
forests, changes of ecosystem properties, and deterioration of social and
economic conditions in many countries in south Asia region.
that the occurrence of wildfires is increasing as a consequence of regional
warming and extended dry spells. The southern slopes of the mountains are
primarily affected, since they are generally warmer and drier compared to
northern slopes and are therefore exposed to high human pressure. The wildfires
in the recent past in the southern stretch of the HKH region not only contributing
to regional and the overall global problem but also pose a higher risk to the
communities if looked at from the point of view of the fragile Himalayan
ecology. But, management capability to deal with wildfires of many countries is
Nepal Forest Fire
(NFMC) was established in 2008. The main goal of this chapter is to
institutionalize wildland fire management activities for sustainable forest
resource management in Nepal. It has been established in accordance with the
works and objectives of the Global Wildland Fire Network (GWFN) / UNISDR Wildland Fire
(WFAG) and its secretariat, the GFMC, and the RSAWFN. It emphasizes the
improvement of participatory/community-based fire management approaches and
institutional and technological capabilities at all levels.
The EuroFire Fire
Management Competency Standards and Training Materials are targeted for capacity
building of local forest users group, forestry and security personnel.
The translation of the
EuroFire Competency Standards and Training Materials to Nepalese language has
been developed by the Team of Mr. Sundar Prasad Sharma, Coordinator of Regional
South Asia Wildland Fire Network, and members of the Nepal Forest Fire
Management Chapter (NFMC) – notably by Mr. Gagan Sharma and Mr. Ashok Parajuli.