Meteorological Conditions in South East Asia: 11 May 1999

Meteorological Conditions in SouthEast Asia

11 May 1999

The Meteorological Service of Singapore reports on 9 May 1999 for the South East Asian region: “Isolated showers were observed over Sumatra and Kalimantan. No hot spots were detected over the region”.

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Fig.1. Regional Surface Winds and Haze/Hot Spot Map, 9 May 1999
(Source: Meteorological Service of Singapore)

The ASEAN Fire Weather Information System (ASFWIS) is a co-operation between ASEAN and the Canadian Forest Service. It provides maps describing the current fire weather situation in South East Asia. This system is based upon the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (CFFDRS) (for further infomation to the CFFDRS refer to ASFWIS). Studies have shown that the CFFDRS is applicable outside of Canada. Currently it is also used in a modified form in New Zealand (see References). In New Zealand  the Fire Weather Indices Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC) and the Initial Spread Index (ISI) represent the fire danger in the scrublands. The Duff Moisture Code (DMC) is also applicable in South East Asia, because it potentially describes the moisture state of the upper peat layers in peat and peat swamp forests. All three parameters may serve as a suitable indicator of forest fire danger in South East Asia.

According to the ASFWIS for 10 May 1999 these parameters show various fire weather conditions over South East Asia. The FFMC readings are locally high in Java and the north-western part of Thailand. Observations in countries of South East Asia reveal that the fire danger situation starts to increase and can reach locally a dangerous level.

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Fig.2., 3. and 4. FFMC, ISI and DMC output of the ASFWIS

The Indonesian Meteorological Agency Badan Meteorologi dan Geofisika forecasts cloudy to rainy conditions for Indonesia with maximum temperatures between 32°C (Palembang), 33°C (Samarinda), 32°C (Ujung Pandang), 31°C (Dili) and 28°C (Bandung) and relative humidity ranging from 45% up to 99%.

The Forest Fire Prevention and Control Project (FFPCP) in Palembang (Sumatra) shows today no updated fire overview map. For the last available map see 5 May fire update.

Newest fire update information and fire overview maps are in the moment not available for the Integrated Forest Fire Management (IFFM) project in Samarinda (East Kalimantan). For the last available map see 6 May fire update.

Summary: Although the current fire weather conditions do under normal conditions not favour extensive land clearing by fire or escaping wildfires in Indonesia, the consequences of the large wildfires of 1997-98 must been taken into consideration. These fires had caused extensive degradation of primary and secondary forests along with the spreading of “alang-alang” (Imperata cylindrica) grasslands. These grasslands facilitate the spread of uncontrolled fires over large areas.

See also the IFFN Country Notes.

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