Meteorological Conditions in South East Asia: 7 September 1999
Meteorological Conditions in SouthEast Asia
7 September 1999
The Meteorological Service of Singapore reports on 6 September 1999 for the South East Asian region: “Cloudy over northern Borneo. Hot spots were observed in Kalimantan and southern Sumatra, with some parts covered with smoke haze”.
Fig.1. Regional Surface Winds and Haze/Hot Spot Map, 6 September 1999
Forecasts of winds and surface pressure are available at http://www.gov.sg/metsin/flm.html
The GFMC displays selected and daily updated global and Asia-Pacific Experimental Climate Prediction Center (ECPC) Fire Weather Forecasts (Fig.2-7). These examples allow a quicklook and provide daily and weekly total forecasts, and forecasted monthly anomalies (for next month). For background information refer to the ECPC products description page.
today not available
today not available tomorrow this week next month
Fig.2-7. Fire Weather Index (FWI) forecast for tomorrow (left), this week (center) and the predicted FWI anomaly for this month (right) for the Western Pacific and the Pacific Ocean. The daily forecast refers to 12:00 hrs noon UTC (Greenwich) time; the weekly total forecast and the monthly forecasted anomaly refer to 00:00 hrs UTC which is local noon at dateline (180° longitude). Forecast time is 12:00 hrs noon UTC (Greenwich) corresponding to local evening time in mainland and insular SE Asia (updated: 7 September 1999).
The ASEAN Haze Action Online provides the following information:
- Monitoring: Hyperlinks to institutions involved in regional monitoring and prediction of fire and smoke haze
- Haze News: ASEAN Transboundary Haze Update (updated daily)
- Intranet: Information and possible participation in the ASEAN Haze Action Online Intranet Information Services (for associated registered participants)
- Mobilization Plan: Model Fire Suppression Mobilization Plan
- Inventory: Inventory and analysis of forest and land fire suppression capabilities
- Haze Forum: Communication platform on fire and smoke-haze issues in the ASEAN region
- Calendar: Fire and haze-related events can be identified by a search modus
The latest NOAA14 satellite images show hot spot locations in Sumatra and Kalimantan. “Hot spots” can be identified as red dots.
Fig.8. and 9. Latest NOAA Satellite images of Sumatra and Kalimantan, 6 September 1999
The Forest Fire Prevention and Control Project (FFPCP) in Palembang (Sumatra) provides a fire overview map on 6 September 1999.
Fig.10. Fire Overview Map for 6 September 1999 of the FFPCP project in Palembang.
The newest fire overview map for the Integrated Forest Fire Management (IFFM) project in Kalimantan shows hotspots on the 2 September 1999.
Summary: Although the current fire weather conditions do under normal conditions not favour extensive land clearing by fire or escaping wildfires in Indonesia, the consequences of the large wildfires of 1997-98 must been taken into consideration. These fires had caused extensive degradation of primary and secondary forests along with the spreading of “alang-alang” (Imperata cylindrica) grasslands. These grasslands facilitate the spread of uncontrolled fires over large areas.
See also the IFFN Country Notes.