GFMC: Savanna and Land-Use Fires in Southern Africa and West Africa, 25 October 2000

List of References

References Relating to Aerosols and Atmospheric Transport over Southern Africa

List compiled by Kristy Ross, Witwatersrand University, South Africa, and Robert Chatfield, NASA

Chatfield, R.B., J.A. Vastano, L. Li, G.W. Sachse, and V.S. Connors. 1998. The Great African Plume from biomass burning: A three-dimensional study of Trace-A carbon monoxide. J. Geophysical Res. 103, 28,059-28,077.
The paper analyzes the relationship of Southern Africa airflow with the InterAfrican front and a broad recirculation pattern.

Chatfield, R.B., J.A. Vastano, H.B. Singh, and G.W. Sachse. 1996. A generalized model of how fire emissions and chemistry produce African / oceanic plumes (O3, CO, PAN, smoke) seen in Trace-A, J. Geophysical Res 101, 24,279–24,306.
The paper explains the very different transport of aerosols and gases from Southern Africa moving above ~4–5 km. This issue has many articles, e.g., by Fuelberg, Anderson, and Thompson, describing Southern African transport and aerosols.

Chatfield, R.B., Z. Guo, G.W. Sachse, E.D. Blake, N. Blake. The Subtropical Global Plume in PEM-T A, PEM-T B, and GASP: How tropical emissions affect the remote Pacific, submitted to J. Geophysical Res 2000.
This article actually has a lot of description of the important role of African meteorology, and compares very well with the TOMS retrievals over/southeaset-of the Cape, compares synoptic and convective transport but also describes South American pollution affecting Africa: the “stranding” of different pollution streams. Post-mission analyses for SAFARI-2000 should be similarly fascinating!

Cosijn, C., and Tyson, P.D. 1996. Stable discontinuities in the atmosphere over South Africa, South African Journal of Science 92, 381-386.

Garstang, M., Tyson, P.D., Swap, R., Edwards, M., Kallberg, P., and Lindesay, J.A.. 1996. Horizontal and vertical transport of air over southern Africa, Journal of Geophysical Research 10 (D19), 23,721-23,736.

Piketh, S.J., Annegarn, H.J., and Tyson, P.D. 1999. Lower tropospheric aerosol loadings over South Africa. The relative contribution of aeolian dust, industrial emissions, and biomass burning, Journal of Geophysical Research 104 (D1), 1597-1607.

Piketh, S.J., Tyson, P.D., and Steffen, W. 2000. Aeolian transport from southern Africa and iron fertilization of marine biota in the South Indian Ocean, South African Journal of Science 96, 244-246.

Swap, R.J., and Tyson, P.D. 1999. Stable discontinuities as determinants of the vertical distribution of aerosols and trace gases in the atmosphere, South African Journal of Science 95 (2), 63-71.

Tyson, P.D., and Preston-Whyte, R.A.. 2000. The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa, Oxford University Press, Cape Town.

Terblanche, D.E., Mittermaier, M.P., Piketh, S.J., Bruintjes, R.T., and Burger, R.P. 2000. The Aerosol Recirculation and Rainfall Experiment (ARREX). An initial study on aerosol-cloud interactions over South Africa, South African Journal of Science 96 (1), 15-21.

Tyson, P.D. 1997. Atmospheric transport of aerosols and trace gases over southern Africa, Progress in Physical Geography 21, 79-101.

Tyson, P.D., Garstang, M., and Swap, R. 1996. Large-scale recirculation of air over southern Africa, Journal of Applied Meteorology 35 (12), 2218-2236.

Tyson, P.D., Garstang, M., Swap, R., Kallberg, P., and Edwards, M. 1996. An air transport climatology for subtropical southern Africa, International Journal of Climatology 16, 265-291.

Tyson, P.D., Garstang, M., Thompson, A.M., D‘Abreton, P., Diab, R.D., and Browell, E.V. 1997. Atmospheric transport and photochemistry of ozone over central Southern Africa during the Southern Africa Fire-Atmosphere Research Initiative, Journal of Geophysical Research 102 (D9), 10,623-10,635.

Tyson, P.D. and D‘Abreton, P.C. 1998. Transport and recirculation of aerosols off southern Africa-macroscale plume structure, Atmospheric Environment 32 (9), 1511-1524.

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