GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

30 August 2002


Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia. 
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 28 August 2002 a total of 659 fires affected 6,565 ha forested and 1,551 ha non-forested areas. In addition 68 fires were put out the same day they started. Since the beginning of the 2002 fire season a total of 27,654 fires affected 997,537 ha forested and 360,801 ha non-forested land.
Highest fire activities were in Moskovskaya oblast (65 fires, 22 ha); Leningradskaya oblast (228 fires, 178 ha); Novgorodskaya oblast (101 fires, 100 ha); Iakuteia (61 fires, 5,858 ha).
The most significant large fires occur in: Iakuteia –25, the biggest was 35,000 ha.
There are also six fires burning 41,000 ha of deer pastures in Rep of Chukotka, these lands under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Agriculture. Throughout Russia a total of 6,927 people, 22 aircraft, 1532 bulldozers, tractors and engines have been involved in fire fighting.
Source: Andrey Eritsov, Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana)

For more information on the recent fire situation in the US see: Recent Media Highlights on Fire, Policies, and Politics.


Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
http://www.uni-freiburg.de/fireglobe/fwf/eurasia.htm

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

 

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Krai used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries ofadministrative regions and a legend is included below.

 

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

 

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Overview

Latest maps maps showing fire activities (selection)

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For more details on fire in the Russian Federation, Mongolia and China: See IFFN Country Notes. Scientific details on fire in the Russian Federation are provided by the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN) report.

 

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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