GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

19 August 2002


Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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Latest NOAA 12&14 AVHRR composite
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 11 August 2002 a total of 340 fires affected 24997 ha forested and 8809 ha non-forested areas. In addition 83 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started.
Since the beginning of the 2002 fire season for Ministry of Natural Resources a total of 23532 fires affected 858193 ha forested and 403936 ha non-forested land.
Highest fire activities were recorded in  Central and Northern European part of Russia in the following regions: Moscow region-47 fires, Iaroslavl-35, Vologda –27, Novgorod –31,

In Siberia high fire activity in:

  • Iakutia –37 fires burning 23061 ha forest and 8603 ha non forested lands;

  • Rep. Tuva – 28 fires burning 1354 ha;

  • Chitinskaya oblast 37 fires, burning 388 ha.

Through all of Russia on fire fighting have been involved 4 480 people, 34 aircraft, 681 bulldozers, tractors and engines.
Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana)


Operational Significant Event Imagery (OSEI)

The following significant event was identified by Satellite Analysis Branch meteorologists and reviewed by the OSEI support team of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA):

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Satellite imagery of  fires currently burning in Russia
Heat signatures (red) and smoke plumes (light blue haze) are visible from the fires
(Source: OSEI/NOAA)

For more information on the recent fire situation in the US see: Recent Media Highlights on Fire, Policies, and Politics.


Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
http://www.uni-freiburg.de/fireglobe/fwf/eurasia.htm

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
Latest map of the Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouring countries

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Krai used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries ofadministrative regions and a legend is included below.

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations detected over the last 10 days

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Overview

Latest maps maps showing fire activities (selection)

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Republic Sakha (Yakutia) Republic Sakha (Yakutia) Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

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Republic Sakha (Yakutia) Republic Sakha (Yakutia) Republic Sakha (Yakutia)

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Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Kazakhstan

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation, Mongolia and China: See IFFN Country Notes. Scientific details on fire in the Russian Federation are provided by the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN) report.

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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