Latest News on the Reorganization of the Forest and Forest Fire Service of Russia, from the Russian Environmental Digest (REDfiles by Transboundary Environmental Information Agency)
REDfiles is a compilation of the week’s major English-language press on environmental issues in Russia. This news is from the REDfiles Vol. 2 (No. 28) covering the reporting period 10-19 July 2000.
On 19 July 2000 World Bank Vice President for Europe and and Central Asia, Mr. Johannes F. Linn responded to the signatories of the letter directed to World Bank president Wolfensohn. He indicated that most of the disbursement of the World Bank funds will be on hold until the new structures of the forestry administration will be settled. He mentioned that disbursement of funds to current projects will continue, especially in assisting the government to reduce losses from forest fires.
Earlier comments on the reorganisation of the Federal Forest Service of Russia and the consequences on forest fire protection capabilities were released by the BALTEX FIRE 2000 (6 June 2000 and 7 June 2000) and the GFMC statement The Future of Forest Fire Protection in Russia. Latest news from Moscow indicate that final decisions on the fate of former Federal Forest Service personnel will be made next week. A decision about the future of Avialesookhrana is not expected before the end of the current, sever fire season.
Last Forest Fire Situation Update from the Federal Forest Service of Russia
The Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service (Avialesookhrana) of the Federal Forest Service of Russia reports the state of fire in the 2000 fire season to the GFMC. The latest report is from 10 August 2000:
Up to 10 August 2000 a total of 16,400 fires occurred in forests under the control of the Federal Forest Service of Russia, burning a total of 829,671 ha of forest and 257,289 ha non-forested areas (inside forest lands). During the day of 10 August 2000 a total of 92 fires were burning and affected 383 ha forest lands. The regions with the highest fire activity on 10 August were, among other:
Irkustk Oblast 37 fires 74 ha Krasnoyarsk Krai 13 fires 55 ha Tuva Republic 8 fires 96 ha
Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.
The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite of 15 August 2000 shows fire activities in northwestern and eastern Russia.
NOAA 12 & 14 AVHRR composite of 15 August 2000, 01:47 GMT.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details (enlargements,
other scenes produced earlier or later) the GFMC readers are encouraged to
use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana. (Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)
ITAR-TASS News Agency, 5 August 2000
ITAR-TASS News Agency reported on 5 August 2000: “Over 600,000 Hectares of Forest, Tundra Burning in Kamchatka”
Forest and tundra fires in the Koryak Autonomous Area, Russian Far East, have reached an unprecedented scale and are raging on an area more than 600,000 hectares.
One hundred thousand hectares of forests, which are rather scarce in the north of Kamchatka, are also burning as are deer pastures and peat, the Far Eastern division of the Ministry for Emergency Situations told Itar-Tass on Saturday.
Fires in the Koryak Autonomous Area began about a month ago. They were started by bolts of lightning which set grass and bushes ablaze. Currently, there are 14 fires in the area.
The neighbouring Magadan region has been affected less. There are 34,000 hectares of forest and the tundra burning.
In Chukotka, there is only one fire on a area of 550 hectares.
All fires in these regions are raging in remote areas which are hard and sometimes impossible to access.
Daily, 10-days and Season Fire Activity Maps of Russia
The Institute for Solar Terrestrial Physics, Irkutsk, publishes daily fire observations (High-Temperature Events) depicted by the NOAA AVHRR sensor on the territory of the Russian federation and the neighbour territories of China and Mongolia (within the range of the receiving station). The institute provides daily fire occurrence summaries, 10-days fire summaries (accumulated fires during the last ten days) and a fire season total summary.
Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Krai used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. Updated fire danger maps are provided about two to three times per week.
Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia: One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter). Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.