GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

22 July 2002


Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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NOAA 12 & 14 AVHRR composite of 22 July 2002.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

Report of the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana) 18 July 2002)
“According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 17 July 2002 a total of 200 fires affected 4,045 ha forested and 351 ha non-forested areas. In addition 51 fires occurred that were put out the same day when they started.
Since the beginning of the 2002 fire season for Ministry of Natural Resources a total of 18,246 fires affected 545,662 ha forested and 299,931 ha non-forested land.
Highest fire activities were recorded in Iakuteia – 60 fires, Iaroslavl Region – 20 fires, Vologda – 19 fires, Karelia – 14 fires, Kamchatka – 14 fires, Moscow Region – 13 fires.

Large fires (> 25 ha) burned in:

  • Iakuteia – 11, the largest was 25,000 ha

  • Kamchatka – 7, the largest was 7,300 ha

  • Vologda – 2, the largest was 55 ha

  • Nizhniy Novgorod – 2, the largest was 1,350 ha

Through all of Russia on fire fighting have been involved 3,862 people, 42 aircraft, 266 bulldozers, tractors and engines.”

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
http://www.uni-freiburg.de/fireglobe/fwf/eurasia.htm

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
The Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouringcountries, 21 July 2002.

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Krai used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries ofadministrative regions and a legend is included below.

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations covering the10-days period 11 July to 21 July 2002:

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Overview

Selected maps showing fire activities on 21 July 2002

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Respublika Sakha Respublika Sakha Respublika Sakha

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Respublika Sakha Amurskaia Oblast Amurskaia Oblast

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Irkutskaia Oblast Tuva Republic Tuva Republic

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation, Mongolia and China: See IFFN Country Notes. Scientific details on fire in the Russian Federation are provided by the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN) report.

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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