GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

10 July 2002

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.

The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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NOAA 12 & 14 AVHRR composite of 09 July 2002.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the Federal Forest service of Russia.
(Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

Report of the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana) 08 July 2002)
“According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 8 July 2002 a total of 239 fires affected 4,041 ha forested and 659 ha non-forested areas. Plus the 83 fires were put out the same day when they were started. Since the beginning of the 2002 fire season a total of 18,353 fires affected 538,704 ha  forested and 328,313 ha non-forested land. (In last report this figure was less because each month the subdivisions of Avialesookhrana make some corrections after the fires were put out.)

The highest fire activity is in Iakuteia, followed by Kamchatka.There were large fires in:
Iakuteia –10, the biggest was 15,000 ha forested and 7,500 ha non-forested. Most of them are contained.
Kamchatka-5, the biggest was 4,200 ha of forested and 2,800 ha of non-forested land.

Dry thunderstorms occurred in North of European part of Russia. In Arkhangelsk and Komi regions about 100 fires occurred since the last two days. All of them are under control now.
Throughout all of Russia fire fighting involved 3349 people, 65 aircraft, 403 bulldozers, tractors and engines.”

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:

Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
The Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouringcountries, 09 July 2002.

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Krai used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries ofadministrative regions and a legend is included below.

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

Overview map showing large fire locations covering the10-days period 29 June to 09 July 2002:

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Selected maps showing fire activities on 09 July 2002

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Respublika Sakha Respublika Sakha Respublika Sakha

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Respublika Sakha Respublika Sakha Chitinskaya obl.

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation, Mongolia and China: See IFFN Country Notes. Scientific details on fire in the Russian Federation are provided by the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN) report.

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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