Forest Fires in the Russian Federation: 25 May 2000

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

25 May 2000

Presidential Decree on Restructuring the responsibilities of the Federal Forest Service of Russia including the Forest Fire Protection Service
In a move to restructure the federal government’s executive branch, President Vladimir Putin has eliminated the State Committees for Forestry and for Environmental Protection along with several others. The environmental and forestry functions were transferred to the Ministry on Natural Resources. The decree was signed on Friday 19 May 2000 and made public over the weekend. It triggered immediate public response.
As more details will be available on the restructuring of the Federal Forest Service and the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service Avialesookhrana the GFMC will continue to provide update information on new developments. Avialesookhrana is responsible for aerial forest fire protection on the largest contiguous forest of the world.

Fire News from Irkutsk Oblast
A forest fire in Irkutsk Oblast approached a nuclear storage facility, NTV reported on 20 May 2000. According to the station, the fire came near the Radon company, which stores radioactive substances in special concrete bunkers. The station reported that there is a shortage of personnel and equipment, particularly telecommunications equipment, to fight the forest fires. Authorities reported earlier in the month that the situation was critical in eastern Irkutsk, where the number of fires doubled in one week.

The Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service Avialesookhrana of the Federal Forest Service of Russia reports the state of fire in the 2000 fire season to the GFMC. The latest report is from 19 May 2000:
Up to 18 May 2000 a total of 5,425 fires occurred in the forests under the control of the Federal Forest Service of Russia and burning a total of 306,717 ha of forest and 110,417 ha non forest areas (inside forest lands).
During the day of 17 May 2000 a total of 105 fires were burning and affected 6,900 ha forest and non forest land.
The regions with the highest fire activity were:
Buriateia, Chita and Irkutsk
There were 38 big fires (16 of them were controlled the same day).

Selected fire occurrence maps are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Karsnoyarsk. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. Today, the following images are available for 24 May 2000:

24 May 2000:

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

Fig.1. Map legend

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Fig.2. Aginsko-Buryatski Oblast Fig.3. Chitinskaia (Chita) Oblast

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Fig.4. Kemerovskaia (Kemerovo) Oblast Fig.5. Krasnoyarski (Krasnoyarsk) Krai Fig.6. Novosibirskaia (Novosibirsk) Oblast

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Fig.7. Omskaia Oblast Fig.8. Tomskaia (Tomsk) Oblast

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation, Mongolia and China: See IFFN Country Notes. Scientific details on fire in the Russian Federation are provided by the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN) report.

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.

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