GFMC: Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

Forest Fires in the Russian Federation

15 May 2002


Latest Satellite Image

Heat signals showing forest fires or land-use fires in Far East Russia, acquired by the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor on 14 May 2002.

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Fires can be seen in Far East Russia 
Source: http://rapidfire.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/products_rr.html
Image search support at:
http://www.uni-freiburg.de/fireglobe/current/MODIS.htm

 

Avialesookhrana from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation and neighbour territories. The Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.
The NOAA AVHRR satellite image composite of 14 May 2002 shows fire activities in the Russian Federation.

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NOAA 12 & 14 AVHRR composite of 14 May 2002.
The red squares indicate regions of active fires. For details the GFMC readers are encouraged to
use the hyperlinks provided by Avialesookhrana, the Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of the
Federal Forest service of Russia. (Source: Avialesookhrana cloudiness maps)

According to the situation report of the Ministry of Natural Resources of 14 May 2002 a total of 440 fires affected 8806 ha forested  and 3959 ha non-forested areas. Plus the 228 fires were put out the same day when it were started. Since the beginning of the 2002 fire season a total of 7590 fires affected 109,073 ha forested and 47,590 ha non-forested land.
The most fire activity occurred from South portion of Central Siberia (Khakassia, Tuva) through Far East (Primorje, Khabarovsk).

Large fires (>200 ha):

  • Tuva- 9 fires, the biggest is 2020 ha

  • Khakassia –9, the biggest is 500 ha

  • Irkutsk –10, the biggest was 15,000 ha, but now it is put out already.

  • Amur – 3, the biggest is 6650 ha

  • Khabarovsk – 40, the biggest is 7000 ha

Through all of Russia on fire fighting have been involved 4774 people, 53 aircraft, 945 bulldozers, tractors and engines.
Large fires in Khabarovsk region spread out from south part through Central part up to Nikolaevsk and are situated between Birobidgzan, Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk, Nikolaevsk and Sovgavan.
Most fires are occurring around cities, along rivers. The most of them are human-caused fires.
For fire fighting in Khabarovsk region 1077 people have been involved, 14 aircraft and 187 heavy equipment (dozers, tractors).
Source: Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service of Russia (Avialesookhrana)

Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System
The system has been developed by forest fire researchers from Canada, Russia and Germany is displayed on this website starting 18 July 2001. Complete information and a set of daily fire weather and fire behaviour potential maps covering Eurasia (the Baltic Region, Eastern Europe, countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Mongolia) can be accessed at:
http://www.uni-freiburg.de/fireglobe/fwf/eurasia.htm

 

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Figure 1. Example of the Eurasian Experimental Fire Weather Information System:
The Experimental Fire Weather Index (FWI) for Russia and neighbouringcountries, 14 May 2002.

 

Daily Fire Occurrence and Fire Danger Maps of the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk
Selected fire occurrence maps, satellite images and a forest fire danger map are prepared daily by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Krasnoyarsk, in collaboration with the Emergency Situation Monitoring and Forecasting Agency, Krasnoyarsk branch. The maps are produced on the base of satellite data (classification by the NOAA AVHRR). They show the fire locations (by latitude and longitude) and the area affected by fire (red signature, size in ha). The red arrow at each fire location points to the nearest populated place. The terms Oblast or Krai used in the maps are designations of administrative regions. A map showing the boundaries ofadministrative regions and a legend is included below.

 

ru_fire_legend.gif (937 Byte)

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Map legend

Administrative boundaries

14 May 2002:

Overview map showing large fire locations covering the10-days period 4 May  to 14 May 2002:

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Overview

 

click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) Buryatia Republic Irkutskaya Oblast Irkutskaya Oblast click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) Irkutskaya Oblast Irkutskaya Oblast Irkutskaya Oblast click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) click to enlarge (40-50 KB) Krasnoyarski Krai  Krasnoyarski Krai  Ust-Odinsky

 

For more details on fire in the Russian Federation, Mongolia and China: See IFFN Country Notes. Scientific details on fire in the Russian Federation are provided by the Fire Research Campaign Asia-North (FIRESCAN) report.

 

Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia:
One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).
Goldammer, J.G. and V.V.Furyaev. 1996. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 390 p.


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