Starting with the forest fire season 2000 the GFMC will expand its services in providing remote sensing data of forest fires in the Russian Federation.
First, the GFMC will continue to show the NOAA AVHRR satellite image composites s published by the Aerial Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service Avialesookhrana of the Federal Forest Service of Russia (Fig.1).
Fig.1. This NOAA AVHRR composite of 27 April 2000 was generated at 14:54 GMT and used for this composite the satellite NOAA 12 and 14. The red squares indicate regions of active fires. (Source: The satellite maps containing fire information can be accessed under “Cloudiness Maps” at http://nffc.infospace.ru/engl/main.htm)
Next, the GFMC now starts to publish selected fire occurrence maps prepared by the Russian GFMC correspondent Dr. Anatoly Sukhinin, at the Fire Laboratory of the Sukachev Institute of Forest, Karsnoyarsk. In our first joint file transmission exercise we have four fire maps from the regions Amur, Chita, Tomsk, Tjumen and Omsk (Fig.2-5).
Today, on 28 April 2000, main fire regions are in Novosibirsk, Chita, Buriatia, and Mongolia. It is snowing and raining in Krasnoyarsk region today.
Fig.2. Fires burning in Amur Oblast near the city of Innokentevka. The size of individual fires is indicated at each fire location.
Fig.3. Fires burning in Chita Oblast near Krasnokamensk.
Fig.4. The fire map shows the triangle region between Tomsk Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai and Kemerovo Oblast. The main fires are burning north of Achinsk near Bolschoi Ului. (fire size: 19 ha).
Fig.5. Border regions between Tjumen and Omsk Oblasts. At the left side of the fire map the town of Ishim can be seen (fire size: 21 ha)
For details (enlargements, other scenes produced during the 1999 fire season) the GFMC readers are encouraged to click on the hyperlinks provided by the Avialesookhrana website. The Avialesookhrana homepage from the National Forest Fire Centre of Russia provides up-to-date NOAA images for the whole of the Russian Federation at http://nffc.infospace.ru/engl/main.htm.
The web site of the Space Monitoring Information Support Laboratory provides extensive links to sites with satellite imagery for the Russian Federation, meteorological information as well as fire related images are accessible.
The Aerial Forest Fire Protection Service Avialesookhrana of the Federal Forest Service of Russia reported the state of fire in the 1999 fire season to the GFMC. The summary data for the 1999 fire season is published in the April 2000 issue of International Forest Fire News (IFFN). The April 2000 issue also provides an analysis of the extreme fire season of 1998 in the Far East of Russia.
Avialesookhrana currently participates in the first International Fire Management Course at the GFMC (April 2000) and is represented by Mr. Andrei Eritsov.
The National Forest Fire Center of Russia Fires burning in realizes forest and deer pasture fire control on a territory of more than 800 million ha. The structure of Avialesookhrana includes 21 Regional Forest Fire Centers (aviation bases), two independent subdivisions, uniform clothes factory and the Vladimir state aviation company. Avialesookhrana rents annually from the Civil aviation companies 600 aircraft and has its own aviation park consisting of 60 aircraft including fixed wing planes and helicopters, 20 from them are airtankers and airscoopers. The staff of Avialesookhrana consists of highly skilled specialists: 520 pilot-observes, 4500 smokejumpers and helirappellers as well as more than 2,300 other specialists.
The average number of fires occurs annually are 15,000-30,000. With the help of aviation are detected about 85% and put out more than 60% of total fires in Russian forests.
Bibliography on fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia: One of the results of the first international fire science conference in the Russian Federation (1993) was the publication of a monograph on fire in boreal Eurasia, including some selected contributions on boreal North America. The literature cited in the monograph contains numerous publications which in many cases are not easily accessible. To facilitate literature search the bibliographical sources are provided by topic (chapter).