Satellite Fire Reconnaissance Update The update information by satellite sensors is provided by imageries of the U.S. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). The provision of satellite data are a response of the U.S. Government to the Government of Ethiopia’s call for international assistance.
Fig.1-3 DMSP scenes of East Africa, 5 April 2000. The red and white dots represent active fires. The center and right fire map show the area in which the problem fires are currently burning and fire-suppression actions take place. Land signature: brown; water: blue; clouds: grey; stable lights (cities): cyan.
(Fig.1. upper left corner 20°N, 22°E lower right corner 0°N, 50°E;
Fig.2 & 3: upper left corner 9°N, 38°E lower right corner 5°N, 42°E)
Ethiopia Current Fire Weather Situation and Forecast
Fire Weather Forecast for the Southern Region:
There is only a 20% chance for isolated thundershowers. This situation will last for the next 10 days.
If there is not a lot of rain as per region, the fire index will start to rise rapidly over the next couple of days. The only areas that will have a lower fire index will be the areas that received 12mm or more over the last 3 days. Areas with no rain will go much higher than stated in the forecast.
6 Day 14h00 Forecast Ethiopia Region Goba Area Day Temp (C) Hum (%) W Dir WSpd (km/h) Bar (Hpa) FDI Tendency Mon 10 23 52 SE 13 1014 48 Yellow – Tue 11 25 42 SE 13 1012 53 Yellow – Wed 12 26 40 SE 13 1011 55 Yellow – Thu 13 27 37 SW 17 1009 60 Orange – Fri 14 28 34 SE 21 1008 65 Orange – Sat 15 29 33 SE 18 1007 65 Orange
Source of forecast tables: Net Forecasting (South Africa) on the base of data from the ECMWF (European Center For Medium Range Weather Forecasts) and the U.K.M.O. (United Kingdom Meteorological Office).
Fig. 3 and 4. Fire weather forecast maps for Ethiopia, 10 and 11 April 2000. Map legend
(Source: Net Forecasting)
Also available is a three-month rain forecast (starting 26 February 2000). The implications of this forecast are discussed by Net Forecasting.
An Eastern Africa and the Horn Satellite Imagery (NDVI) and rainfall analysis is provided by the USAID Famine Early Warning System.
For further information (history of the current fire situation in Ethiopia, starting in February 2000) please refer also to the earlier reports this and last week at the “Current Significant Fire Events” page. Some visual impressions from the ongoing fires in Ethiopia and several photographs taken from the Space Shuttle missions in the 1980s and 1990s with general impression of land cover and fires are also available.