News were received today that there were heavy showers, in both Borana and Bale Zones, on 29 and 30 March 2000. A helicopter survey of Dolo Mena, Goba and the area west of Shakiso was carried out yesterday and no smoke columns were spotted. No information about Bore Forest is available, but it is likely that it also rained there. The ground crews will be assigned to monitor the situation since it is unlikely that the rains completely extinguished smouldering trees, roots and stumps. Unless the rains continue there remains a risk that fires could spread again. The number of civilians and soldiers that were trained in fire fighting techniques totalled 755 on 30 March 2000. Hence, considerable capacities were built during the fire incident. The Incident Command Team will continue to monitor the situation.
Satellite Fire Reconnaissance Update The update information by satellite sensors is provided by imageries of the U.S. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). The provision of satellite data are a response of the U.S. Government to the Government of Ethiopia’s call for international assistance..
Fig.1-3 DMSP scenes of East Africa, 29 March 2000.The red and white dots represent active fires. The center and right fire map show the area in which the problem fires are currently burning and fire-suppression actions take place. Land signature: brown; water: blue; clouds: grey; stable lights (cities): cyan. (Source: DMSP)
Ethiopia Current Fire Weather Situation and Forecast
Fire Weather Forecast for the Southern Region: More moisture is coming into circulation over the country with even a few showers likely in the valley areas and the North- east of the country. Conditions will improve gradually for more widespread rain in the next couple of days as the high becomes more prominent over the southern hemisphere.
6 Day 14h00 Forecast Ethiopia Region Goba Area Day Temp (C) Hum (%) W Dir WSpd (km/h) Bar (Hpa) FDI Tendency Fri 31 24 51 SE 19 1008 54 Yellow Sat 1 23 55 SW 17 1009 50 Yellow Sun 2 24 60 NW 15 1008 48 Yellow Mon 3 23 65 SW 19 1007 48 Yellow Tue 4 24 55 SE 16 1006 50 Yellow Wed 5 24 54 NW 21 1008 54 Yellow
Source of forecast tables: Net Forecasting (South Africa) on the base of data from the ECMWF (European Center For Medium Range Weather Forecasts) and the U.K.M.O. (United Kingdom Meteorological Office).
The Ethiopian National Fire Fighting Committee, supported by the International Fire Emergency Advisory Group, has set up an Incident Command System. The structure of the system is given in the chart (Fig.4).
Fig.4. Structure of the Incident Command System(State: 20 March 2000)
For further information (history of the current fire situation, etc.) please refer also to the earlier reports this and last week at the “Current Significant Fire Events” page. Some visual impressions from the currently ongoing fires in Ethiopia and several photographs taken from the Space Shuttle missions in the 1980s and 1990s with general impression of land cover and fires are also available.