Several active fire signals are recorded by OSEI with the NOAA GOES Sensor on 11 May 1999 in Mexico and Central America .
Fig.1. NOAA image of fire areas and smoke plumes in Mexico and Central America on 11 May 1999
(Source: NOAA http://www.osei.noaa.gov/)
Two images of fire-related phenomena from areas of fire burning in Mexico and Central America are shown in Figure 1. The top image shows smoke streaming northward over the western Gulf of Mexico. The lower image shows hot spots in Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras.
Most of the fires in Central America must be seen in the context of intensive land development. Fire is used as a tool in forest conversion. This is done by small farmers as well as large agro-industrial companies. The careless use of fire often allow the “prescribed” burnings to escape and become forest fires in the adjacent forests. Almost all fires inCentral America are human-caused, natural fires play a minor role in the tropical rain forest of Central America.
Under normal weather conditions the primary forest in the humid tropics does not catch fire. The hydrological cycle in the closed forests produces a very humid microclimate where unfavourable conditions for forest fire exist. But in forests where selective logging already took place the former closed canopy is disturbed. This allows more light to penetrate through the canopy and thereby changing the energy balance within the forest – the forest becomes more susceptible to drought and consequently to fire.