GFMC: Fires in Brazil and Neighbouring Countries, 29 June 2001

Fires in Brazil and NeighbouringCountries

29 June  2001

The Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE) provides daily updated satellite imagery on fire events in Brazil and neighbouring countries. The latest NOAA 12 satellite derived fire product is shown below.

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INPE-DSA Fire product (NOAA 12), 28 June  2001
(Source: INPE-DSA)


The Center for Weather Forecasts and Climate Studies (CPTEC) – of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) is the gateway of Brazil to high quality meteorological forecasts. The computer system receives information derived from Meteosat and GOES satellites, meteorological observational data from GTS Network of the WMO (World Meteorological Organization) and from the Brazilian Network which is under the responsability of INMET (Ministry of Agriculture). Aditional information comes from the DEPV (Air Force), DHN (Navy), state meteorological centers and from other international centers. The Brazilian satellite (SCD-1) collects important environmental data and information for the meteorological research at INPE. For further infomation see CPTEC/ INPE, “fire risk”.

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Observed fire risk map: 28 June (left) and predicted fire risk maps for Brazil: 29 and 30 June 2001
For real-time fire-weather forecast: see: special meteorological bulletin (in Brazilian-Portuguese)
for the Deforestation Arc (states of Acre, Rondônia, South of Amazonas, North of Mato Grosso,
Southeast of Pará, Central and Northern Tocantins, and East of Maranhão)
(Source: CPTEC).


Biomass Burning Monitoring Team of the University of Wisconsin-Madison
At the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) the biomass burning monitoring team is using the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) to detect and monitor fires and smoke associated with wildfires, prescribed burns, deforestation and other agricultural applications throughout the Western Hemisphere.

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GOES-8 ABBA Preliminary Detected Fire Locations from 27 June 2001.
(Source: UW-Madison CIMSS GOES Biomass Burning Monitoring Program)

Also available: an animated GOES-8 ABBA composite fire imagery covering the period 21 to 27 June 2001.


Nasa´s Earthobservatory

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Settlement and deforestation surrounding the Brazilian town
of Rio Branco are seen here in the striking “herringbone”
deforestation patterns that cut through the rainforest. The large overview 
image was acquired by the Multi-angleImaging SpectroRadiometer’s vertical-viewing 
(nadir) camera on 28 July 2000. A plume of smoke is visible north of the Rio
Branco road.  The two higher-resolution inset images were acquired
eleven months apart and highlight a settled area north of the town of
 Rio Branco. In the later image, more haze is present, possibly due to smoke
 from  fires on that day.

For details see:
Source: Nasa´s Earthobservatory
(Image courtesy NASA/GSFC/LaRC/JPL, MISR Team)


Fire in Amazon Rain Forests: Some General Remarks


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