FIRES BURNING IN NORTHWESTERN AUSTRALIA The OSEI Team reported on 10 November 1999, that fires were burning in northwestern Australia, which can be also confirmed by yesterdays displayed fire detection map.
Fig. 1 Two images showing phenomena associated with a large area of fire burning in northwestern Australia southeast of Broome. The top image shows a large heat signature and the lower image shows the smoke associated with this area of fire extending northwestward off the coast. Image: NOAA-14 POES AVHRR GAC and GMS (Source: NOAA http://www.osei.noaa.gov/)
The Satellite Remote Sensing Services Department of Land Administration (DOLA) routinely evaluates the NOAA AVHRR satellite sensor to detect and locate vegetation fires and high-temperature events. In Australia hot events depicted by the satellite can represent wildfires or prescribed fires as well as industrial activities (e.g., gas flares, smelters) and hot surfaces (e.g., rocks heated by solar radiation during the daytime overpasses of the satellite). Thus, DOLA displays two products of hot spot maps: the automatically generated high-temperature event maps (which include false alarms) and the manually generated fire maps. All hotspot locations are geo-referenced and where required as Australian Map Grid. On some days up to four NOAA-AVHRR passes are used to identify hot events.
The manual method (human operator) provides greater accuracy however it takes longer. Thus, the issue of the manually generated fire maps is delayed (not real-time). Hot spots are located using NOAA-AVHRR channel 3 on early morning (0050-0340hrs) and mid morning (0450-0630hrs) images.
The Australian Bureau of Meteorology issued on 11 November 1999 an updated forecast for Northern Territory: Fine apart from isolated showers and gusty storms about the northwest coast. Moderate to fresh east to southeast winds.
Fire Danger Very high in the Barkly, high over the remainder.
Please have also a look on a list of links for information on Australian Fire Management Agencies:
Australasian Fire Authorities Council
http://www.ausfire.com/ The home page of the Australasian Fire Authorities Council coordinates the diverse range of activities of the different australian agencies concerned about fire
http://msowww.anu.edu.au/~barling/firebreak/firebreak.html The firebreak newsletter provides a very extensive homepage with information about fire fighting in Australia, downloadable java scripts for calculating fire weather and various links to related sites
The Department of Natural Resources and Environment in Victoria http://www.nre.vic.gov.au/fires/index.htm
The Department of Natural Resources and Environment in Victoria offers a very comprehensive web site with information on fire management. In their web site current reports are provided with statistics on the fire season. Extensive background information is included along with several links to related web sites.
Satellite Remote Sensing Services Department of Land Administration (DOLA) http://www.rss.dola.wa.gov.au/apps/firewatch.html The Satellite Remote Sensing Services (SRSS) of the Department of Land Administration provides near real time hot spot detection and burned scar mapping for western Australia. In the Firewatch project the SRSS detects hotspots throughout Western Australia using the thermal channel of the NOAA AVHRR sensor on a daily basis.