Special Session “Fire in the Earth System” (co-organized)
27 April-02 May 2014, Vienna, Austria
Convener: Melita Keywood
Co-Conveners: Johannes Kaiser, Paulo Artaxo, Liisa Jalkanen, Gitta Lasslop and Claire Granier
Fire is an integral part of the Earth System; it plays an integral role in the carbon cycle, atmospheric composition, land cover, human interaction with the environment and the radiation balance of the Earth. Although most often thought of as a hazard, it is also a necessary tool for several agro-economical systems and an indispensable requirement for the biodiversity of many ecosystems. These complex interactions ultimately need to be investigated in an integrated way.
The session is part of a new international and interdisciplinary activity on biomass burning by iLEAPS,IGAC, andWMO, theInterdisciplinary Biomass Burning Initiative (IBBI). The initiative will coordinate and facilitate research on all aspects of biomass burning and synthesis existing and new results from the various disciplines. It will advance the monitoring and understanding of biomass burning, and the description and quantification of its influence on the land ecosystems, societies, atmospheric chemistry and climate.
This session will bring together communities from different regions and disciplines to progress our understanding of fires in the earth system. We welcome presentations on all aspects of fires, including (1) fire emission models and forecasting of fires; (2) satellite, air-borne and surface observations of fires, in-situ observations; (3) measurements of emission factors and burning efficiencies for different conditions, and development of dynamic emission factors; (4) evaluation of fire products, and of their uncertainties; (5) past and future evolution of fires; (5) the interaction between fires and land use and the use of fire in agro-economical systems; (6) the importance of fire for biodiversity and ecosystems; (7) the influence of fires on air quality, weather, climate and health; (8) the socio-economical consequences of natural and anthropogenic biomass burning; and (9) communication of information on fires research.