From the ecological point of view, fire has long been considered as a part of many forest ecosystems. Fire is a natural process that influences and is integral to many ecosystems which have evolved in response to fire. Traditional knowledge of fire as a tool is deeply embedded in the culture of developing and developed countries alike. Fire is often used for land clearing to meet the food requirements of most developing countries, and as part of their development process, while in other countries fire is used to achieve variety of resource management objectives.
Conversely, the excessive fires caused by human activities result in damage to forest ecosystems decline in biological diversities, environmental degradations, air, soil and water pollution. Moreover, these consequences have had broader implications beyond the forest itself and beyond national boundaries, including tragic impacts on human health and lives. Recent occurrences of drought, associated with the El Niño phenomenon, have brought the effects of forest fires to special worldwide attention.
In Southeast Asia, the region suffered from smoke haze caused by land and forest fire, in particular, during the dry seasons in 1991, 1994, and 1997. Especially, from July to October 1997 most parts of ASEAN region were badly affected. The severity and extent of smoke haze pollution was unprecedented, affecting millions of people across the region. ASEAN Environment Ministers had, in June 1995, agreed on an ASEAN Cooperation Plan on Transboundary Pollution. The Cooperation Plan contains broad policies and strategies to deal with transboundary pollution. In light of the latest haze experience, the ASEAN Environment Ministers have agreed on the Regional Haze Action Plan, which sets out cooperative measures needed amongst ASEAN member countries to address the problem of smoke haze in the region arising from land and forest fires.
In this respect, Thailand, as many countries in this region, has suffered from forest fire. However, as a result of concert efforts and continuous endeavour for almost 2 decades, Thailand is now able to enjoy a satisfactory level of success as far as forest fire control is concerned. Therefore, as one of ASEAN’s member countries, the Royal Forest Department of Thailand would like to offer a forum for exchanging knowledge and experiences in field of fire management among our ASEAN member countries and finding a basis for tangible collaboration on fire management within our region.
The workshop will be focused on:
Exchanging knowledge and experiences in forest fire management among ASEAN member countries.
Formulating a basis for tangible collaboration on fire management in ASEAN.
Date and Venue The workshop will be held at Chiangmai Hills Hotel, Chiangmai, Thailand during 29-31 March 2000.
The Royal Forest Department of Thailand is an organizer of this workshop.
PAC RIM international (Thailand) will represent The Royal Forest Department in handling all business arrangement.
Ms. Komenvadee Ridthikerd PAC RIM International (Thailand) 15th floor, Lumpini Tower, Unit E 1168/30 Rama IV Road, Tungmahamek Sathorn, Bangkok 10120 Thailand
The participants will be exposed to broad view of fire management which will enhance the improvement of fire management in their respective countries.
A basis for tangible collaboration on fire management in ASEAN will be formulated.
28 March 2000
Arrival of participants at Chiangmai International Airport. Registration and check in at Chiangmai Hills Hotel.
29 March 2000
08.30 – 09.30 Registration 09.30 – 10.00 Opening Ceremony 10.00 – 10.30 Coffee Break 10.30 – 12.00 Thailand’ s initiative on ASEAN Forest Fire Management Centre (Director General of the Royal Forest Department) 12.00 – 13.30 Lunch 13.30 – 15.00 Role of ASEAN Secretariat in regional forest fire management (Representative from ASEAN Secretariat) 15.00 – 15.30 Coffee Break 15.30 – 16.30 Country report (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia) 19.00 – 21.00 Welcome Dinner
30 March 2000
09.00 – 10.00 Country report (Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar) 10.00 – 10.30 Coffee Break 10.30 – 12.00 Country report (Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand) 12.00 – 13.30 Lunch 13.30 – 16.30 Study tour at the Upper-Northern Forest Fire Control Centre (Royal Forest Department)
31 March 2000
09.00 – 10.00 Unconventional fire control technique (Representative from Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources) 10.00 – 10.30 Coffee Break 10.30 – 12.00 Unconventional fire control technique (cont.) 12.00 – 13.30 Lunch 13.30 – 15.00 Working Group on ASEAN forest fire management collaboration 15.00 – 15.30 Coffee Break 15.30 – 16.30 Presentation of Working Group Finding 16.30 – 17.00 Closing Ceremony 17.00+ Departure of participants