Photochemistry of the African troposphere
7. Photchemistry of the African troposphere:
Influence of biomass-burning emissions
L. Marufu, F. Dentener, J. Lelieveld, M. O. Andreae and G. Helas
(J. Geophys. Res. 105, 14513 – 14530 )
The relative importance of biomass-burning (pyrogenic) emissions from savannas, deforestation, agricultural waste burning, and biofuel consumption to tropospheric ozone abundance over Africa has been estimated for the year 1993, on the basis of global model calculations. We also calculated the importance of this emission source to tropospheric ozone in other regions of the world and compared it to different sources on the African regional and global scales. The estimated annual average total tropospheric ozone abundance over Africa for the reference year is 26 Tg. Pyrogenic, industrial, biogenic, and lightning emissions account for 16, 19, 12, and 27%, respectively, while stratospheric ozone input accounts for 26%. In the planetary boundary layer over Africa, the contribution by biomass burning is ~24%. A large fraction of the African biomass-burning-related ozone is transported away from the continent. On a global scale, biomass burning contributes ~9% to tropospheric ozone. Our model calculations suggest that Africa is the single most important region for biomass-burning related tropospheric ozone, accounting for ~35% of the global annual pyrogenic ozone enhancement of 29 Tg in 1992.