GFMC Links: North America

GFMC Links:
North America

It must be noted that the selection presented below does not yet provide a complete list.
Anyone interested in more links for North America should follow the links provided in the sites listed below.
GFMC readers are encouraged to provide update information on new links to the GFMC.

[Canada | United States of America ]


Canada Center for Remote Sensing
The Canada Center of Remote Sensing provides detailed information on the use of remote sensing for environmental monitoring. Examples for fire detection, burn scar mapping are provided along with an archive of satellite imagery on the Canadian forest fires in 1998. This archive has an extremely useful set of imageries which potentially serve various research objectives, e.g. emissions and smoke transport research. Additional information on the used fire detection algorithms along with a Remote Sensing tutorial can be found on this site as well.

Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre (CIFFC)
The Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre (CIFFC) provides operational fire-control services, as well as management and information services to its Member Agencies. The web site gives detailed information on the Canadian fire management activities. Fire Statistics are provided along with fire events, fire news etc. Through the web site you also can access “Fire Wire” an online live data system with daily forest fire situation reports (this service is only for subscribers).

Canadian Wildland Fire Information System
The Canadian Wildland Fire Information System features the state-of-the-art fire management technology of Canada. Fire Danger Rating maps for Canada are provided as well as links to international projects like the South East Asian Fire Weather System.

Forest Fires in Canada (Canadian Forest Service)  (English)  (French)
The Government of Canada, through Natural Resources Canada’s Canadian Forest Service (CFS), makes an important contribution to fire management in two ways. First, the CFS has maintained an internationally recognized research program since the mid-1920s that has resulted in many innovations and new operational tools. Secondly, over the past two decades we have developed information systems that use advanced technologies (e.g., geographic information systems and remote sensing) to monitor and report on forest fire activity at a national scale. These activities have resulted in Canada becoming a world leader in forest fire research and management and have contributed to the overall safety and well-being of Canadians and to the sustainability of our forests. This web portal on wildland fire in Canada provides access to the major sources of information, including current (near real-time) information on ongoing fires.

University of Toronto Fire Management Lab
The fire lab of the University of Toronto is well known for its excellent work on fire management and fire occurrence prediction, check out this site!

Wildland Fire Operations Research Group(WFORG)
The Wildland Fire Operations Research Group(WFORG) was established in January 2001 in Hinton, Alberta. WFORG is currently working on projects deemed important by the Provincial Protection organization. Over time, it is anticipated that the WFORG will grow to include other Provinces, Forest Companies, and equipment manufacturers and suppliers, while increasing the number of researchers. The WFORG’s mission is to work on wildfire operations research, which includes evaluating fire equipment and protective clothing, reviewing and refining fire management systems and addressing current operational issues that have been identified by fire management practitioners within the forest industry. Research outputs are intended to benefit firefighters, fire managers, equipment manufacturers and service agencies.



United States of America

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Office for Fire and Aviation
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM), an agency within the U.S. Department of the Interior, administers and protects 262 million acres (106.1 million ha) of America’s public lands, located primarily in 12 Western States. The BLM Office for Fire and Aviation website includes several web pages with current news and archived information, including a image portal and reports from fire hazard reduction projects (“snapshots”). The BLM Office for Fire and Aviation is a sponsor of the 
UN International Forest Fire News (IFFN)
and is member in the ECE/FAO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire.

Colorado State University The Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Team Advanced Meteorological Satellite Demonstration and Interpretation System (RAMSDIS)
The Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, CIRA was established in 1980 to increase the effectiveness of atmospheric research in areas of mutual interest between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Colorado State University and other groups. Current GOES images of Brazil Fires using an Experimental Fire Product are provided by automatic reloading every 5 minutes.

Fight Fire with Fire
This web site is designed for Floridians to learn how to protect themselves and their homes from the threat of wildfire and learn about the ecological benefits of fire. The website provides a number of links to institutions and information sources on the ecology and use of fire in the United States of America, particularly in Florida.

Fire Consortia for the Advanced Modeling of Meteorology and Smoke (FCAMMS)
The USDA Forest Service recently established regional modeling consortia to support the National Fire Plan. Members are located at East Lansing, Michigan; Athens, Georgia; Ft. Collins, Colorado; Riverside, California; and Seattle, Washington. Each consortium supports research and operational needs of their members who include land management agencies participating in the National Fire Plan, NOAA, the National Weather Service, the Environmental Protection Agency, appropriate State Agencies, Universities, and other research partners.
This site is designed for wildland fire professionals and students who require access to the latest software, documentation, and technical papers developed by Systems for Environmental Management and the USDA Forest Service, USDI National Park Service, USDI Bureau of Land Management for use by federal, state, and local fire management agencies. is a cooperative effort by Systems for Environmental Management, Missoula, MT and the Fire Sciences Laboratory of the Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Missoula, MT.

Fire Safe Council
Utilizing the combined expertise, resources and distribution channels of its members, the Fire Safe Council fulfils its mission to preserve California’s natural and manmade resources by mobilizing all Californians to make their homes, neighbourhoods and communities fire safe. Since its formation in April 1993, the Council has united its diverse membership to speak with one voice about fire safety. The Council has distributed fire prevention education materials to industry leaders and their constituents, evaluated legislation pertaining to fire safety and empowered grassroots organizations to spearhead fire safety programs.

Fire Weather Forecasts of the Storm Prediction Center (SPC)
The Storm Prediction Center (SPC) is part of the National Weather Service (NWS) and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). The mission of SPC is to provide timely and accurate forecasts and watches for severe thunderstorms and tornadoes over the contiguous United States. The SPC also monitors heavy rain, heavy snow, and fire weather events across the U.S. and issues specific products for those hazards. SPC uses the most advanced technology and scientific methods available to achieve this goal. The purpose of the SPC Fire Weather Outlooks and meteorological Risk Categories are to indicate areas where dry dead fuels such as dry grass and dry timber and meteorological conditions (wind, relative humidity, temperature, and dry thunderstorms) might contribute to potentially dangerous wild fire behavior. The SPC does not forecast local meteorological conditions (i.e. local variability of relative humidity or the effects of terrain on wind direction and speed). In addition, slope of local terrain, types of fuels (fuel model), variability of fuels, and l ive fuel moisture content are not considered in detail.

The Firewise Home Page was created for people who live or vacation in fire-prone areas of North America. The information contained here will help the user to become a firewise individual, and acquaint the website visitor with the challenges of living around interface/intermix wildfire. These pages provide information that may lessen the risk of wildfire losses.

Florida’s Forest Protection Bureau
The Florida`s Forest Protection Bureau web page offers detailed information on fire management activities in Florida. In this very comprehensive web page daily fire reports, fire weather and fire danger maps for Florida are provided. Information on prescribed burning activities and training is given along with other valuable infomation on issues of fire management.

Global Fire NET
The Global Fire NET (Interactive News, Education & Training in the 21st Century) website is managed by the University of Montana’s Center for Continuing Education. The business and affairs of the organization are governed by a volunteer Steering Committee consisting of researchers and fire/fuels management professionals. Global FIREnet is a work in progress. It aims to as a clearinghouse for information which will allow fire agency professionals to do their jobs better, to provide critical reviews of past management practices, in-depth case study reports on administrative and technical protocols involved in fuels management, and, among other, connect network users to training and information services from both public and private sector organizations.

International Association of Wildfire
The International Association of Wildfire provides on this web site information on various issues of fire. You can download the Journal of Wildlandfire and are provided with valuable information along with links to other relevant sites.

NASA: Fire information derived from TRMM and VIRS measurements
These fire data provided on this NASA website are derived from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Visible and Infrared Scanner (VIRS) measurements. They show the number of 4.4 square kilometer pixels in each half-degree grid cell (each cell is 2500 square kilometers at the equator) that are hot enough to contain a large fire. These data, summarized for each month, are currently being used to monitor natural and human-made fires in the Tropical and Sub-tropical zones (+/- 40° from the equator). The data will be updated every month throughout TRMM’s life, which is currently expected to extend through mid-2004. Fire data from earlier in TRMM’s mission (January 1998–July 1999) will be available in early 2000.)

NASA: Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) Aerosol Index
Mission of the TOMS instrument: to explore the atmosphere of Earth and to seek ozone in that atmosphere. TOMS aboard Nimbus-7 and Meteor-3 provided global measurements of total column ozone on a daily basis and together provide a complete data set of daily ozone from November 1978 – December 1994. After an eighteen month period when the program had no on-orbit capability, ADEOS TOMS was launched on 17 August 1996 and provided data until 29 June 1997. Earth Probe TOMS was launched on 2 July 1996 to provide supplemental measurements, but was boosted to a higher orbit to replace the failed ADEOS. Earth Probe continues to provide near real-time data. The TOMS is the first instrument to allow observation of aerosols as the particles cross the land/sea boundary. Using these data it is possible to observe a wide range of phenomena such as desert dust storms and vegetation fires (daily global updates). The TOMS homepage is maintained by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC).

National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC)
The National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC), Boise, Idaho, serves as the primary logistical support center for wildland fire suppression in the United States. The center is home to federal wildland fire experts in fields as diverse as fire ecology, fire behavior, technology, aviation and weather.The site provides linkages to all agencies involved in US wildland fire suppression as well as reports and research conducted by the NIFC.

National Interagency Prescribed Fire Training Center (PFTC)
The National Interagency Prescribed Fire Training Center (PFTC) is a unique program blending maximum field prescribed burning experience with a flexible curriculum of classroom instruction on topics of interest to prescribed fire managers and practitioners. Trainees will have the opportunity to complete portions of the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) approved prescribed fire task books under the guidance of invited training specialists. The PFTC is headquartered in Tallahassee, Florida. Training locations may be scattered around Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia.

National Volunteer Fire Council (NVFC)
The National Volunteer Fire Council (NVFC) is a non-profit membership association representing the interests of the volunteer fire, EMS and rescue services. The NVFC serves as the information source regarding legislation, standards and regulatory issues.

National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG)
The purpose of NWCG is to establish an operational group designed to coordinate programs of the participating wildfire management agencies.

TheNature Conservancy (TNC)
The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is an international, non-profit, conservationorganization dedicated to the preservation of biodiversity. The Conservancy andit’s cooperators have been responsible for the protection of 12 million acres inthe United States and 80 million acres internationally. TNC owns and managesmore than 1,500 nature sanctuaries throughout the United States. These preservesharbour many fire dependant biological rarities, which are monitored and managedby Science and Stewardship staff.

The NOAA GOES homepage provides a coverage of the images from the geosationary satellite GOES covering fires in Florida and Central America.

NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product and Current HMS Analysis
NOAA Hazard Mapping System Fire and Smoke Product and Current HMS Analysis provides current fire mapping data that is updated daily. This website also serves as a repository for archived or externally linked fire, weather, mapping or monitoring information including GIS information or GoogleEarth fire and smoke layers or relevant NASA resources.

NOAA Operational Significant Event Imagery (OSEI)
The Operational Significant Event Imagery homepage (OSEI) provides the most comprehensive near-real time imageries at global scale. NOAA data is provided on a day-to-day basis for every significant heat signatures.

NOAA Satellite Service Division
The Satellite Service Division provides an analysis of the Florida fires of 1998 and various links to different other sites dealing with NOAA satellite imagery.

Smokey Bear
Created in 1944, the Smokey Bear campaign is the longest running public service campaign in US History. Smokey’s forest fire prevention message remained unchanged for 50 years until April 2001, when the Ad Council updated his message to address the increasing number of wildfires in the nation’s wildlands. As one of the world’s most recognizable fictional characters, Smokey’s image is protected by US Federal Law and is administered by the USDA Forest Service, the National Association of State Foresters and the Ad Council.

Tall Timbers Research Station
The research station is located in the North of the US State of Florida and is home of fire ecology research since more than 40 years. Tall Timbers was raised in the unique Red Hills community where bobwhite quail are still king and frequent fire, selective timber harvest and appreciation of scenic beauty are still the norm. Tall Timbers will seek through its research to answer questions that are important to land management and conservation in the Red Hills and of interest regionally, nationally and internationally. The website offers a comprehensive fire database including a fire ecology thesaurus, a fire ecology database, and a list of fire ecology publications that can be ordered. Tall Timbers has organized 21 Fire Ecology Conferences (the 21th conference was held in 1999, the 21st conference will be held in 2001)

Universityof California, Berkeley, Wildland Fire Research Group
The Wildland Fire Research Group is intended to facilitate communication,education and research about fire ecology, science, management, policy, andsuppression among students, staff and faculty at the University of California,Berkeley. The website aims to distribute the knowledge created at Berkeley tothe fire science community.

University of Wisconsin

The experimental Wildfire Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm (WFABBA) iscurrently generating half-hourly fire data for the Western Hemisphere. Thegeostationary NOAA weather satellite GOES-8 provides coverage for North andSouth America while GOES-10 covers North America only.

USDA Forest Service
The USDA Forest Service offers a collection of fire related web sites for the United States, it is divided into 1) Fire Systems and Data, 2) Fire News and Publications, 3) Fire Centers and Research and 4) Other Fire Material

USDA Forest Service Wildland Fire Assessment System
The Wildland Fire Assessment System provides detailed information about fire weather for the United States and Alaska. Fire danger maps, greeness maps, drought maps and forecasts give a good impression on the current fire situation in the US.

USDAForest Service Fire and Aviation Management

The USFS Fire and Aviation website contains regularly updated information oncurrent wildland fires, team rotations, year to Date statistics, links to NIFC,National Potential Assessment Map, fire weather reports, and links to GeographicArea Coordination Centers.

Woods Hole Research Center
The Woods Hole Research Center located in Woodshole, Massachusetts, addresses the great issues of environment through scientific research and education and through applications of science in public affairs.The Center maintains continuing research projects in the tropical rainforest of Brazil, in the boreal forest of Siberia, a very well done section is dealing with the forest fires in Brazil. Extensive information on the fires are offered as well as a study dealing with fire risk maps, a very interesting site.

Yellowstone Fire
The U.S: National Park Service is offering the Yellowstone National ParkWildland Fire Website at:




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