Avialesookhrana The homepage of the National Aerial Fire protection Branch “Avialesookhrana” of the Federal Forest Service of Russia provides up to date NOAA images for the whole territory of the Russian Federation.
Canada Center for Remote Sensing http://www.ccrs.nrcan.gc.ca/ccrs/tekrd/rd/apps/em/disasters/dismone.html#fires The “Canada Center of Remote Sensing” provides detailed information on the use of remote sensing for environmental monitoring. Examples for fire detection, burn scar mapping are provided along with an archive of satellite imagery on the Canadian forest fires in 1998. This archive has an extremely useful set of imageries which potentially serve various research objectives, e.g. emissions and smoke transport research. Additional information on the used fire detection algorithms along with a Remote Sensing tutorial can be found on this site as well.
ESA/ESRIN This website of the ESA-ESRIN provides access to the ATSR World Fire Atlas, a product of the ATSR sensor. Hot spots events recorded at night-time by the thermal sensors are provided globally for the period 1995-present.
Earth Watching The “Earth Watching” home page provides new satellite imagery related to disasters like flooding, volcanos, and fires. It gives a good overview of current events. From this website, you can also access the FIRE product and the IGBP-DIS, along with extensive publications and a bibliography.
FireM3 Fire Monitoring, Mapping, and Modelling Project The operational forest fire monitoring website for Canada is providing a historic (since 1994) and current view of all the forest fires in Canada. This website represents the output of the Fire Monitoring, Mapping, and Modelling (FireM3) project, a collaboration of the Canadian Forest Service and the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing.
A quick overview of the latest (current) fire situation (last update: <24h old) and all previous days, including the current season summary, can be accessed. An Internet Map Server, which is like a simple GIS running on the host computer, allows you to zoom in on any fire or other areas of interest and view the image and map data at full (1km) resolution. You can also click on any fire and get information about that fire.
Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit The FIRE project of the “Monitoring Tropical Vegetation Unit”, Space Applications Institute, Joint Research Center of the European Commission offers extensive information on the remote sensing of vegetation burnings. The World Fire web is a pilot network with partial global coverage by five NOAA AVHRR receiving stations in its implementation phase, started in June 1998. After a 12 month trial period, the network will be progressively enlarged to give full global coverage.
Hawaii Institute of Geophysics Researchers from the “Hawaii Institute of Geophysics” at the University of Hawaii have developed a hot spot monitoring web site using 4 km spatial resolution GOES-8 and GOES-10 data. Current study areas include a 500 km x 500 km section of Amazonia north of Cuiaba, Brazil where they are tabulating fire duration and location for the current fire season, and a 500 km x 500 km area centered on Anaheim, CA where they have observed Santa Ana wind-stoked fires in the Santa Barbara, CA area as late as October 19, 1998. The monitoring system has the capability to shift data collection to other study areas within 24 hours of the receiving a report of particularly large and potentially persistent fires because GOES-8 and 10 cover much of North, Central, and South America.
IGBP-DIS Global Fire Product The “IGBP-DIS Global Fire Product” Home Page is a response to a requirement from Global Change scientists for better information on the occurrence and impacts of fire on the Earth’s surface. It provides a global picture of vegetation fire derived from daily satellite observations (IGBP-DIS 1km AVHRR Product) over the period from April 1992 to December 1993
The “MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer” (MODIS) fire team is developing the scientific basis for remote sensing of fires and fire products (CO, CO2, aerosols) using MODIS. Each MODIS will have 3.9 um and 11um channels with high saturation (450 K and 400K respectively) specially designed for fire monitoring. MODIS will have almost twice daily coverage. Its data will be used to detect fires, to estimate the rate of emission of radiative energy from the fire, and to estimate the fraction of biomass burned in the smoldering phase.
The MODIS fire team is working with collaborators from the Southern Africa region and other NASA researchers to develop the SAFARI 2000 field experiment. In addition to a number of regional science objectives, this field experiment will be used to validate satellite-based fire and emissions data products. High spatial resolution satellite data, airborne imagery and field measurements will be used to validate MODIS data products. Field validation will be undertaken in conjunction with the IGBP Miombo Network.
NASA/NOAA Global Fire Monitoring Homepage The “Global Fire Monitoring Homepage” of the NASA/NOAA offers an excellent overview of global up-to-date fire events. Some films and animations are provided to explain the role of fire throughout the world, along with a bibliography and an introduction to different satellite systems and links to other important sites
NOAA GOES The NOAA GOES homepage provides a coverage of the images from the geostationary satellite GOES covering fires in Florida and Central America
NOAA Defense Meteorological Satellite Program at NGDC NOAA-NESDIS National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) operates a permanent archive of detected light signatures from satellite sensor data on a global scale. The data is acquired by the U.S. Air Force Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP).
RADARSAT International (RSI) RADARSAT International (RSI) was formed in 1989, and over the years has established itself as a reputable provider of information solutions based on satellite-derived data. By combining information obtained from Earth observation(EO) satellites with other data sources such as climate/field data, baseline geographic information, and Internet-based information, RSI has successfully responded to the changing business needs of the spatial data community. The service offerings include: Information delivery via the Internet, rapid, in-house data, processing, highly responsive satellite programming, 24-hour emergency support, including wildland fire emergencies.
Satellite Service Division The “Satellite Service Division” provides an analysis of the Florida fires of 1998 and various links to different other sites dealing with NOAA satellite imagery
Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) This page part of the TOMS homepage provides extensive coverage of smoke and haze images all over the world, several smoke images of Indonesia from 1997 are accessible as well as images from South America, Florida etc.
VTT Automation Automatic detection and reporting of forest fires http://www.vtt.fi/aut/rs/proj/fire
A fully automatic system has been developed to detect forest fires using data from the meteorological NOAA satellites. The system has been developed in Finland and tested in five experimental periods during the summers 1994 to 1998 in Finland and its neighboring countries Estonia, Latvia, Russian Karelia, Sweden, and Norway. For each detected fire, a telefax including data on the location of the fire, the observation time and a map showing the location, is sent directly to the local fire authorities. The website describing the system, procedures, and results of the last years’ experience. In future, the site will be updated regularly.