A Region of the Global Wildland Fire Network


South America’s fire problems are multi-faceted: Wildfires in the equatorial rain forests of the Amazon Basin, the mountain ranges along the Brazilian coast, the remaining Araucaria forests in Brazil, Chile and Argentina as well as the Andino-Patagonian Nothofagus forests are highly susceptible to fire use and wildfires, especially during droughts related to the El Niño phenomenon. Other vegetation types such as the savannas of the Venezuelan Llanos or the Brazilian Cerrados show remarkable adaptations to fire. Cooperative efforts between South American nations include common monitoring of wildland fires from space through Brazil’s National Space Research Institute (INPE) and mutual support during fire emergencies. The Regional South America Wildland Fire Management Network has been founded in Curitiba, Brazil, 17 June 2004.

The regional activities are supported by the Red Latinoamericana de Teledetección e Incendios Forestales (RedLaTIF)