Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network

ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution

A Multilateral Agreement and Partner in the Global Wildland Fire Network

Rationale and Background


At the beginning of the 21stCentury the application of fire in land-use systems and wildfires in forests andother vegetation in the South East Asian region are still contributing to thedegradation of the environment and the atmosphere, jeopardizing thesustainability of land-use systems, and threatening human populations,especially human health. Countries members of the Association of South EastAsian Nations (ASEAN) and the international community have increased theirefforts to reduce the occurrence and negative impacts of fires. In conjunctionwith the World Conference on Land and Forest Fire Hazards (Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia, 10-13 June 2002) and the 9th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Haze (11June 2002) it was decided that the ASEAN countries, based on their long-termefforts and agreements to cooperate in the field of fire and smoke pollutionmanagement, join the global network of Regional Wildland Fire Networks under theauspices of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction(ISDR) and the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC).

Key documents on the ASEAN HazeAction Online website
The Coordination and Support Unit of the Regional Haze Action Plan (RHAP) is based at the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta. The ASEAN Haze Action Online website provides a number of documents that introduce the fire problem and provide information on political activities and policies that address the fire problem.
http://haze.asean.org/

ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
In June 2002 the ASEAN ministers for the environment signed the ASEAN Agreementon Transboundary Haze Pollution. The agreement entered into force on 25 November2003). Indonesia has not yet ratified the agreement.
ASEAN Agreement on TransboundaryHaze Pollution (PDF, 175 KB)

The World Conference and Exhibition on Land and Forest Fire Hazards (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 10-13 June 2002)
A first report of the most recentinternational conference is available on the ASEAN Haze Online website: http://haze.asean.org/info/history-response
The full conference report will be madeavailable soon.

ASEAN Statement to the World Summit on Sustainable Development
Recommendations of the World Conference on Land and Forest Fire Hazards (June 2002)(PDF, 20 KB)

ASEAN Joining the Global Wildland Fire Network
At the Eleventh Joint Meeting of the ASEAN Working Groups on Sub-Regional Fire Fighting Arrangements (SRFAs) for Sumatra and Borneo (Singapore, 12-13 August 2002) it was decided that ASEAN will join the Global Wildland Fire Network. This decision was made following a proposal by the GFMC / ISDR Working Group on Wildland Fire Proposal to the Ministerial Meeting on Haze (11 June 2002). See:


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ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution

A Multilateral Agreement and Partner in the Global Wildland Fire Network

ASEAN Secretariat


Following the Eleventh Joint Meeting of the ASEAN Working Groups on Sub-Regional Fire Fighting Arrangements (SRFAs) for Sumatra and Borneo (Singapore, 12-13 August 2002) it was decided that the ASEAN Secretariat will serve as a coordinating unit for the Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network. At a later stage the ASEAN Co-ordinating Centre for Transboundary Haze Pollution Control hat will be established in accordance with the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution will take over this function, including regional fire management coordination. In May 2003 the ASEAN Secretariat initiated the conceptual design of the South East Asia Fire and Haze Information Centre. This facility will largely take over the role of the regional network information system.

Contact:

Ms. Riena Prasiddha
Technical Officer
Environment and Disaster Management Unit
ASEAN Secretariat
70 A, Jl. Sisingamangaraja, Kebayoran Baru
Jakarta Selatan
Indonesia

Tel: +62-21-7262991, 7243372 ext. 427
Fax: +62-21-7230985, 7398234
e-mail: riena@asean.org

Website: http://haze.asean.org/ 

Country Focal Points

The list of country focal points is identical with the ASOEN Haze Technical Task Force (HTTF). List update: August 2005

ASEAN News and Publications

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GlobalNet

   Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network
              A region of the Global Wildland Fire Network


    Regional and NationalWildland Fire Reports


ASEAN Fire Response Strategy (2001)

FAOGlobal Fire Assessment 2005

Recent regional and country reports

Indonesia

Lao PDR

Malaysia

The Philippines

Thailand

Regular updates of the fire situation in Thailand

Viet Nam 

Tram Chim National Park an Integrated Water and Fire Management Strategy, developed jointly between Can Tho University and the University of Natural Sciences (Viet Nam), United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, the International Crane Foundation, UNDP, IUCN, sponsored by USAID and the Global Environment Facility (GEF)

The following reports published in International Forest Fire News(IFFN) are filed in the GFMC


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Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network


A region of the Global Wildland Fire Network

Regional SE Asia Wildland Fire Science and Management Network Coordination


Between 2000 and 2011 a South East Asian Forest Fire Science Network was operational. By end of 2011 it transited to the Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Science and Management Network.

Network Coordinators

Prof. Dr. Bambang Hero Saharjo
Head, Forest Fire Laboratory, Forest Protection Division
Dean, Faculty of Forestry
Bogor Agricultural University
Kampus IPB Darmaga
Bogor 16680
West Java
Indonesia

Tel:      +62-251-8626806
Fax:     +62-251-8626886
e-mail: bhherosaharjo@gmail.com

Prof. Dr. Ahmad Ainuddin Nuruddin
Deputy Director, Putra Infoport
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP)
Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor DE
Malaysia

Tel:      +60-3-8947-1881
Fax:     +60-3-8947-1896
e-mail: ainuddin@forr.upm.edu.my

Dr. Kobsak Wanthongchai
Department of Silviculture
Faculty of Forestry
Kasetsart University
Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900
Thailand

Tel:      +662 579 0171 ext 106
Fax:     +662 942 8112
e-mail:fforksw@ku.ac.th

Ms. Nguyen Thi Thuy, MSc
Silviculture Research Institute
Vietnamese Academy of Forest Science (VAFS)
Duc Thang Ward, Tu Liem North District
Ha Noi
Vietnam

Tel: +84 979 940 264
e-mail: thuy.nguyen.um@gmail.com


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GlobalNet

  Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network
               A region of the Global Wildland Fire Network


    Institutions, Projects and other Wildland Fire Links


Projects and Programmes in South East Asia
In the late 1990s the GFMC compiled a list of publications, on-line information sources, documents and links to past and ongoing projects in SE Asia. This list is not complete, especially concerning ASEAN member countries other than Indonesia.
http://gfmc.online/se_asia/projects/sea_prog.html

Links to project websites
The following list of links to institutions working in wildland fire in Southeast Asia are taken from the GFMC link section. Users of this web page are encouraged to submit new links to be added to this list. For other thematic fire-related links (e.g., remote sensing of vegetation fires, fire weather and climate forecasts, natural disasters, and global environmental monitoring: see GFMC link section at http://gfmc.online/.

ASEAN Haze Action Online
http://haze.asean.org/
In response to the fire and smoke episodes in Southeast Asia between 1982 and 1998, several national and international initiatives, especially in Indonesia, were instituted, among other the Haze Technical Task Force (HTTF) during the Sixth Meeting of the ASEAN Senior Officials on Environment (ASOEN) in September 1995. The HTTF undertook concerted efforts to finalize a response strategy in the form of a Regional Haze Action Plan (RHAP). The RHAP was completed in December 1997, and was endorsed by the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Haze (AMMH) held in Singapore from 22 to 23 December 1997. The ASEAN Environment Ministers’ requested assistance from the Asian Development Bank to make the RHAP a fully operational document. The bank responded by approving Regional Technical Assistance (RETA) 5778-REG (Strengthening the Capacity of ASEAN to Prevent and Mitigate Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution). One of the activities which came out of the RETA was the ASEAN Haze Action Online. 

ASEAN Fire Weather Information System
http://www.nofc.forestry.ca/fire/asean/
This web page of the Canadian Forest Service is of special interest for South East Asia, it features a prototype of the ASEAN Fire Weather Information System with the Canadian Fire Weather Indices for the region. The maps are provided on a day-to-da-basis.

BAPEDAL
http://www.bapedal.go.id
The Environmental Impact Management Agency (BAPEDAL) provided during the 1997 fire season a web page with up to date information, including “hot spot” information. This hot spot information was only available in the Indonesian version. There were no hot spots available for 1998.

BMG (Badan Meteorologi dan Geofisika)
http://bmg.cbn.net.id
The BMG (Badan Meteorologi dan Geofisika) homepage provides detailed meteorological information for Indonesia including haze and smoke data and a map of the current wind trajectories in Indonesia

Center for International Forestry Research(CIFOR)

http://www.cgiar.org/cifor
In 2006 the Center for InternationalForestry Research (CIFOR) established this very updated an comprehensive fireresearch website. The website provides access to numerous full-size publicationsand abstracts produced by CIFOR,. Most of the research was undertaken with funding supportprimarily from the United States Forest Service, the European Union, theGovernment of Japan and the Australian Centre for International AgriculturalResearch from 1999 to 2004. An earlier CIFOR Fire web page is still on the web: http://www.cifor.cgiar.org/fire-project/

Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing, and Processing, Singapore
http://www.crisp.nus.edu.sg
CRISP offers a database with SPOT, ERS and Radarsat Images of the South East Asian region covering the forest fire episode of 1997/98. It also providedes a special feature on forest fires and haze in South East Asia.

Fire-Land-Atmosphere Modeling and Evaluation for Southeast Asia (FLAMES) Project
http://www.stat.osu.edu/~flames/
The Fire-Land-Atmosphere Modeling and Evaluation for Southeast Asia (FLAMES) Project is a collaboration between researchers in the Departments of Geography and Statistics at The Ohio State University. The project is funded by NASA’s Research Opportunities for Space and Earth Science as part of the Land-Cover/Land-Use Change Program and is endorsed by the Global Land Project, a joint research agenda of the International Human Dimensions Programme (IHDP) and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). Scientists and policy makers have become increasingly concerned about the implications of the consistent brown haze covering Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean in terms of human health and climate change. The emergence of this haze is due to increased atmospheric concentrations of carbonaceous aerosols, or small airborne particles, over the region. A large portion of these carbonaceous aerosols is generated by anthropogenic activities, including both slash-and-burn agriculture and fossil fuel combustion. This research project seeks to develop methodology to determine the relative contribution of these two types of emissions to the total aerosol burden over the region.

ForestFire Prevention and Control Project (FFPCP)
http://www.mdp.co.id/ffpcp.htm (attention: outdated!)
In 1995 the Government of Indonesia and the EuropeanUnion started the Forest Fire Prevention and Control Project in South Sumatra (FFPCP).This project was part of the larger European Union’s Indonesian ForestryProgram. The FFPCP was implemented from 1995 until 2001. Theold homepage is still on the web, but the detailed information cannot beaccessed any longer. However, GFMC has created a special website with 21 projectreports and documents. The follow up project is the South Sumatra Forest FireManagement Project (SSFFMP):

Forest Fire Prevention Management Project 2 inIndonesia
http://ffpmp2.hp.infoseek.co.jp/
The Ministry of Forest and Estate Crops in Indonesia and Japan InternationalCooperation Agency (JICA) began a technical cooperation program in the field offorest fire prevention as “ForestFire Prevention Management Project (FFPMP)” in 1996 and ended in 2001.FFPMP has contributed the development of technologies for early warning anddetection, improvement of participants of forest fire prevention and management,and training for initial fire suppression. The second phase FFPMP II started 15April 2001 and it is expected to be completed in 2006. For the wide extensionand applicability of project’s outcome, four national parks are selected asfield sites, which have various features of their topography and biology. Thenational parks are Bukit Tiga Puluh, Berbak, Way Kambas in Sumatra, and GunungPalung in Kalimatan. FFPMP II supports participatory forest fire suppression,initial forest fire suppression and early warning and detection, and extensionand public relation. The website includes, among other, a web page with dailyand monthly maps of fire locations in Indonesia depicted by NOAA AVHRR and cloudmaps derived from the geostationary satellite HIMAWARI. For direct access tothis fire monitoring web page see:
http://ewds-ffpmp2.hp.infoseek.co.jp/ewds/menu/eindex.htm

Global Change Impact Center for South East Asia IC-SEA
http://www.icsea.or.id/
The Global Change Impacts Centre for Southeast Asia (IC-SEA) is the first regional centre in the developing regions established to assess the impacts of global change, and their implications for the sustainable management of terrestrial ecosystems. IC-SEA’s mission is to develop the capacity of the Southeast Asian region for sustainable development under global change. The website serves as the most comprehensive information pool on global change and its implications in South East Asia. It includes a searchable database on global change impacts literature as well as on upcoming events. Extensive information is given on the activities and the partners of IC-SEA. Alltogether a very valuable website for South East Asia.

HAZE
http://www.geocities.com/HotSprings/2188/haze.html
This site is dedicated to haze and smoke on a global level. Air pollution indices and health-related information are provided for several Southeast Asian countries along with various satellite imageries and weather forecasts. It provides detailed links to sites covering haze and forest fires in other countries. The site has a good selection of journal and newspaper coverage of the 1997-98 fire and smoke-haze episode. Very informative site!

Indonesian Forest Monitoring Network (IFMN)
http://www.ifmn.org
IFMN is dedicated to the exchange of information and ideas related to the creation of a sustainable network to be known as The Indonesian Forest Monitoring Network (IFMN). The IFMN will use the latest remotely sensed imagery to monitor the state of forest cover in Indonesia and the effects of illegal logging.

Indonesian Ministry of Forestry and Plantations
http://mofrinet.cbn.net.id/
The Indonesian version of the Ministry of Forestry web site has a section on forest fires of 1997. A general statement about the fires in Kalimantan and Sumatra could be found. Satellite imagery was provided by the JICA Fire Project in DG PHPA, using NOAA and HIMAWARI imagery, the site was updated in February 1998.

Indonesian Nature Conservation Database
http://www.nature-conservation.or.id/

Indonesia is the largest country of South-East Asia and comprises an enormouswealth of natural ecosystems. Considerable parts of its natural resources areprotected and maintained by the Directorate General of Forest Protection andNature Conservation of the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry. Thiswensite is dedicated to all protected areas of Indonesia. It not only describesthe various National Parks (Taman Nasional), but also the many Nature Reserves(Cagar Alam), Game or Wildlife Reserves (Suaka Margasatwa) and several of themany Recreation Parks (Taman Wisata) in Indonesia.

Indonesia:East Kalimantan Fire Management Agency
http://www.pkhl.or.id/

The East Kalimantan FireManagement Agency was established as an outcome of the Integrated Forest FireManagement (IFFM) project which was a 10-years bilateral development project inthe province of East Kalimantan, Indonesia, sponsored by Germany and backstoppedby the GFMC between 1994 and 2004. The project developed a valuable on-sitesource for forest fires in Indonesia, including NOAA AVHRR derived mapsdisplaying active wildfires and land-use fires burning in East Kalimantan. Inaddition fire-danger rating for the project area was published on a regularbasis and provided accurate and precise information for East Kalimantan andadjoining Indonesian provinces on Borneo island.

International TropicalTimber Organization (ITTO)
http://www.itto.or.jp/
The International TropicalTimber Organization (ITTO) was created by treaty in 1983 and its headquarterswas established in Yokohama, Japan, in late 1986. The primary idea is to providean effective framework for consultation among producer and consumer membercountries on all aspects of the world timber economy within its mandate. One ofthe activities of the ITTO was the publication of the ITTO Guidelines on FireManagement in Tropical Forests (1997), followed by a number of projects. TheGlobal Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) acted as main author of the guidelines. Aspecial ITTO-Fire website has been established at the GFMC and includes theguidelines and several reports: http://gfmc.online/programmes/itto/itto_start.htm

LAPAN
http://www.lapan.go.id
The web site of the Indonesian National Remote Sensing Centre contains satellite imagery and predicted drought areas in Indonesia.

Malaysia: Forest Fire Prevention in Sabah
http://www.sabah.gov.my/htan/data_1/a_toppage_main/frames.htm
The website describes the role and responsibilities of Sabah Forestry Department (SFD) in forest fire prevention and suppression. Several reports can be downloaded from the website.

Meteorological Service of Singapore
http://www.gov.sg/metsin/
The Meteorological Service of Singapore provides a comprehensive web page on weather, haze and forest fires. Satelltie imagery as well as the latest Pollutant Standards Index (PSI) readings are published on a day-to-day basis.

Project FireFight South East Asia
http://www.pffsea.com/

In early 1998, WWF (the World Wide Fund for Nature) and IUCN (the World Conservation Union) have joined forces in developing a Programme for “Strengthening National, Regional and International Networks for Forest Fire Prevention and Management, world-wide”. This Global FireFight Programme was initiated with financial support from the joint WWF and IUCN Forest Programme and more recently the US Forest Service has provided interim funding to continue this effort. Under the umbrella of the Programme the “Project FireFight South East Asia” has been developed and started to work in 2000. The project seeks to secure essential policy reform through a strategy of advocacy using syntheses and analysis of existing information and new outputs. It works at the national and regional level across South East Asia to support and advocate the creation of the legislative and economic bases for mitigating harmful anthropogenic forest fires. The model provided by Project FireFight South East Asia will be extended to South and Central America, Russia, the Mediterranean and sub-Saharan Africa as funds and capacity becomes available.

South Sumatra Forest Fire Management Project (SSFFMP)
http://www.ssffmp.or.id/
The South Sumatra Forest Fire Management Project is a technical co-operation project between the Government of Indonesia and the European Union, and is part of the larger European Commission – Indonesia Forestry Programme. The project is implemented in the Province of South Sumatra through various governmental and non-governmental organizations at the provincial, district and village levels. The Ministry of Forestry is the Executing Agency at national level. The Office of the Governor of South Sumatra Province acts as the Implementing Agency and is responsible for steering, co-ordinating and supporting the Project at the provincial level. The project started in mid January 2003 and has a projected duration of five years. The project activities are grouped into five main project components (Rural Institutional Development , Fire Management, Participatory Planning for Sustainable Natural Resource Management, Fire Monitoring, Policy Advocacy). The project will work in the South Sumatra Province. SSFFMP builds forth on the achievements of an earlier EU funded project, the FFPCP (Forest Fire Prevention and Control Project), which was implemented from 1995 to 2001, also in South Sumatra Province.

Thailand: Forest Fire Control Division
Thai: http://www.dnp.go.th/forestfire/
English: http://www.dnp.go.th/forestfire/Eng/indexeng.htm
The Forest Fire Control Division operates under the Department for National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conversation. The website (in Thai language) provides comprehensive information on the organization, cooperation partner, history of the organization, national policies, basics on fire occurrence and a detailed and comprehensive wildland fire database starting with the year 2542 (= 1999):
http://www.dnp.go.th/forestfire/map2.asp
The website also includes a wildland fire glossary in Thai and English:
http://www.dnp.go.th/forestfire/FIRESCIENCE/scince.htm

Trade and Environment Database (TED): Case Study on Indonesian Fires
http://www.american.edu/projects/mandala/TED/indofire.htm
The TED Projects In 1990, the TED (Trade and Environment Database) projects began as an effort to develop an inventory of case studies concerned with trade and environment issues. The effort recognized the important problems and issues in this area, but they lack a basis for common comparison and contrast. To abet these efforts, since then several hundred categorical case studies have been undertaken and made available in print and on a site on the World Wide Web. These cases studies are reports and coded documents that cover 28 categories of legal, trade, geographic, and environment information relevant to the case. Case Study No. 472 deals with the effects of Forest Fires in Indonesia.

TROPENBOS Foundation
http://www.tropenbos.nl/tropenbos/tropenbos-home.html
The TROPENBOS web site contains a statement of their organization to the forest fires in Kalimantan.

UNEP
http://grid2.cr.usgs.gov/indofire/start.html
This section of the UNEP Grid homepage serves as a forum for the situation in Indonesia. It links to websites which describe and otherwise cover forest fire and haze.

USDA Forest Service
http://www.fs.fed.us/eng/indofire
The US Forest Service Engineering Department provides maps of various fires which burned in Indonesia in the fire season 1997. The fires are drawn on topographic maps and give a good impression of the fire activities of 1997.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre
http://www.wcmc.org.uk/latenews/
http://www.wcmc.org.uk/emergency
The World Conservation Monitoring Centre is concerned with various issues of biodiversity and threats to it. One part deals with forest fires and their effect on biodiversity, especially with the situation in Indonesia. Maps of fire occurrence, biodiversity, and national protection forests are provided.

WWF Indonesia
http://www.wwf.or.id
The WWF Indonesia offers a comprehensive web page on nature conservation in Indonesia, one of there foci is the forest fire situation in Indonesia. A very comprehensive web page with valuable information.

WWF Malaysia
http://www.geocities.com/Rainforest/2701/haze.htm
The home page of WWF Malaysia provides various reports on forest fires and haze in 1997 as well as well as current events in South East Asia. A comprehensive summary of WWF research on fire issues is provided along with the news coverage from 1997/98 – alltogether a very valuable site for South East Asia
 


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GlobalNet

   Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network
              A region of the Global Wildland Fire Network


         Upcoming Meetings, Conferences, Wildland Fire Training


See GFMC Web pages on wildland fire meetings and training at:


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Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network

A region of the Global Wildland Fire Network

in cooperation with the

Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)


The main wildland fire problems in South East Asia are related to traditional shifting cultivation, land clearing fires, especially in converting native forests and peatland biomes to plantations, and uncontrolled wildfires in rainforests, peat-swamp forests, monsoon forests and mountain pine forests. High fire activities usually occur during dry spells and droughts caused by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. The reduction of transboundary smoke-haze pollution on human health and the environment are the driving reasons for regional cooperation with the Regional Wildland Fire Network and the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. Photos used in composite: Anja A. Hoffmann and GFMC.

The Regional Network is a cooperative effort with the SEARIN Southeast Asian Regional GOFC/GOLD Network


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Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network
A region of the Global Wildland Fire Network


Country Focal Points


In this web page a list of country focal points will be provided by the ASEAN Secretariat.

(under construction)


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Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network

 A region of the Global Wildland Fire Network

Background Information


Key documents on the ASEAN Haze Action Online website
The Coordination and Support Unit of the Regional Haze Action Plan (RHAP) is based at the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta. The ASEAN Haze Online website provides a number of documents that introduce the fire problem and provide information on political activities and policies that address the fire problem.
http://haze.asean.org/


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Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network


A region of the Global Wildland Fire Network


  Regional Wildland Fire Early Warning and Monitoring


Early warning and monitoring of land-use fires, wildfires and smoke-haze is conducted by a number of institutions inside and outside the ASEAN region. The institutions listed in the following provide near-real time or periodic early warning and fire monitoring information. The websites allow access to more detailed national / subregional wildland fire information:

Early Warning of Wildland Fire Danger

Regional South East Asia Fire Danger Rating System (SEA FDRS)
The regional fire danger rating system is a joint effort between the Canadian Forest Service and the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), incooperation with the Malaysian Meteorological Service (MMS). Daily updated SEA Fire Danger Rating can be downloaded on the following MMS website: http://www.kjc.gov.my/english/service/climate/fdrs1_x.html

Indonesian Fire Danger Rating System
The Indonesian fire danger rating system is part of the SEA FDRS
http://www.bmg.go.id:8080/fdrs/index_e.html

Malaysia Fire Danger Rating System
The daily fire danger rating system for Malaysia is provided by the Malaysian Meteorological Service
http://www.kjc.gov.my/english/service/climate/fdrs1.html

Fire Danger Rating for East Kalimantan, Indonesia
The East Kalimantan Fire Management Agency (former Integrated Forest Fire Management – IFFM project in East Kalimantan) provides regularly updated fire danger rating charts on the basis of the Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI):

http://www.pkhl.or.id/grafikfdr.htm

South Sumatra Fire Danger Information
The South Sumatra Forest Fire Management Project based in Palembang (South Sumatra) provides daily forest fire occurrence and weather information:http://www.ssffmp.or.id/ssffmp/fwi.asp and with additional fire location map (derived from MODIS Rapid Response System) http://www.ssffmp.or.id/ssffmp/fwi-2.asp?id=2

Indonesia National Weather Forecast Center of the BMG (Bureau of Meteorology and Geophysics)
http://meteo.bmg.go.id/prghtmeng/meteorologieng.asp

Malaysian Meteorological Service
http://www.kjc.gov.my/main_e.html

HAZE Online
HAZE Online has been coordinated by the ASEAN Secretariat to provide information related to fire and haze in the region. They also provide daily FDRS maps generated by MMS and LAPAN. http://haze.asean.org/

WWF Indonesia and PFFSEA launch ‘Fire Bulletin’
Press release on weekly analyses and information bulletin for early warning (the project has been terminated)

Regional and National Monitoring of Land-Use Fires and Wildfires

Fire Monitoring in East Kalimantan and adjoining Provinces
The East Kalimantan Fire Management Agency (follow-up of the Integrated Forest Fire Management [IFFM] project) is providing regularly updated NOAA AVHRR derived maps showing active wildfires and land-use fires burning in East Kalimantan and adjoining Indonesian provinces on Borneo island:

http://www.pkhl.or.id/hsmap.htm(no longer updated)

Singapore National Environment Agency
Under “Meteorological Services / Haze Monitoring”: Daily fire activity maps and maps with surface winds, smoke-haze patterns and active fires.
http://www.weather.gov.sg/wip/web/ASMC/Haze_Information

South East Asia Fire Monitoring by ANDES
The Asia Pacific Network for Disaster Mitigation using Earth Observation Satellite (ANDES) provides daily fire maps of mainland and insular South East Asia.
http://www.affrc.go.jp/ANDES/forestfire.html

Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing (CRISP, National University of Singapore)
http://137.132.39.138/cgi-bin/map_bin/webgis.cgi  and http://www.crisp.nus.edu.sg/crisp.html

Forest Fire Prevention Management Project 2 in Indonesia (the project has been terminated)
http://ffpmp2.hp.infoseek.co.jp/
The Ministry of Forest and Estate Crops in Indonesia and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) operate a website that includes daily and monthly maps of fire locations in Indonesia depicted by NOAA AVHRR and cloud maps derived from the geostationary satellite HIMAWARI.
http://ewds-ffpmp2.hp.infoseek.co.jp/ewds/menu/eindex.htm
(no longer updated)

Fire Watch Indonesia
The Indonesian Ministry and Forestry (MoF), Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) and Ministry of Environment in cooperation with AusAid develop a fire monitoring system for Indonesia based on the system developed by Landgate Australia. They provide near-real-time hotspot map derived from Terra and Aqua MODIS: http://indofire.dephut.go.id/indofire.asp (MoF Server) or http://indofire.lapanrs.com/indofire.asp (LAPAN Server)

Conservation International (CI)
i
n cooperation with MODIS Rapid Response System and Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) Maryland University, CI has developed an e-mail alert system for hotspot monitoring at 3 important biodiversity region, i.e. Indonesia, Madagascar and Bolivia+Peru. For email registration see the following web: https://firealerts.conservation.org/fas/

SEARRIN – Southeast Asia Regional Research and Information Network
SEARRIN is a regional network that fosters collaborative efforts in fire monitoring and management in Southeast Asia. SEARRIN is a contributor to the Global Observation of Forest Cover/Global Observation of Landcover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) programme.

General Regional Fire Monitoring

ASEAN Haze Action Online
The ASEAN Haze Online website provides all regional links to early warning, monitoring and situation report sources, including the media.
 http://haze.asean.org

GFMC South East Asia Regular Fire and Weather Updates
The GFMC provides three times per week a regional update on fire early warning and monitoring, using all available resources within the ASEAN region. These updates are available also on the archive within “Current and Archived Significant Global Fire Events and Fire Season Summaries” (the archived information is available since October 1998):
http://gfmc.online/current/globalfire.htm

(click on “South East Asia”)

Fire Information for Resource Management System (FRIMS)
For fire or hotspot monitoring, I found the service from FRIMS is the most comprehensive. They provide hotspot information through email alerts system, downloading GIS file, MODIS imagery subset and Web GIS. You may choose and select your area of interest: http://maps.geog.umd.edu/firms/

UN Office for Outer Space Affairs (UN-OOSA)

United Nations Regional Workshop on the Use of Space technology for Disaster Management for Asia and the Pacific – Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 November 2002


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