GlobalNet

Mediterranean Region
A Region within the Global Wildland Fire Network


Institutions, Projects and other Wildland Fire Links


Thefollowing list of links to institutions working in wildland firein the Mediterranean Region are taken from the GFMC link section. Users of this web page are encouraged tosubmit new links to be added to this list. For other thematic fire-related links(e.g., remote sensing of vegetation fires, fire weather and climate forecasts,natural disasters, and global environmental monitoring: see GFMC link section athttp://gfmc.online/.

France | Greece | Israel | Italy | Lebanon| Portugal | Spain ]

France

 

Association Régionale de Défense de la Forêt Contre les Incendies (DFCI)
http://www.feudeforet.org/english/forets_europe.htm
In the Aquitaine, there is one of the biggest forests in Europe, wooded with pinasters, on an interrupted surface area of almost 1 million ha, also called “Forêt des Landes de Gascogne – the Landes de Gascogne Forest”. The website provides basic information on forest fires in that region (in French).

 

Centre d’Essais et des Recherches de l’Entente (CEREN)
http://www.ceren.org/
The website provides an overview on the research work on flammability, protection equipment, impacts of forest fires, and rehabilitation after fire (in French).

 

CEMAGREF Centre des Documentation Foret Méditerranéenne et Incendie (DFCI)
http://www.aix.cemagref.fr/htmlpub/documentation/infos_dfci.htm
In the section Mediterranean Forest and Fire the DFCI provides the electronic version of its fire bulletin and prvodes access to a photographic guide and database <in French>.

 

EFAISTOS
http://www.cindy.cma.fr/europe/efaistos/
The EFAISTOS project, financed by the European Union, constitutes the first part of the European behaviour model for forest fire, taking into account the lower layers of the forest fuels.

 

FireTorch
http://www.cindy.cma.fr/europe/firetorch/
FireTorch is a  project financed by the European Union in which the currently available knowledge on the use of prescribed burning in the Mediterranean countries is collected and evaluated. The website provides information on the objectives and the progress of the project. From this website a database can be downloaded which contains the experience gained by prescribed burning so far. The information is provided in English and French.

 

Mediaforest – Landes Fire Department
http://www.mediaforest.net/english/incendie/index.html
This website describes a scientific and operational approach to forest fire. A detailed documentation on fire experiments can be found at: http://www.mediaforest.net/incendie/incendie.htm

 

Ministry for Agriculture and Fisheries (Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche)
http://www.agriculture.gouv.fr/accueilv4f.htm
The Ministry for Agriculture and Fisheries of France is in charge of forest fire protection. The website provides the last annual report. 

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Promethee Database
http://www.promethee.com/promethee/index.htm
The Promethee database on forest fires was created in 1973 and contains standardized fire statistical information of 15 provinces (départements) of the Southeast of France beginning in the 1970’s <in French>.

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Greece

 

PROMETHEUS Project
http://www.rtd.algo.com.gr/promet/index.htm
PROMETHEUS is a Management Information System dedicated to forest fire protection. The project is realised in the frame of ENVIRONMENT and CLIMATE R&D Program of the European Union and was implemented by a Consortium of seven European research organisations co-ordinated by ALGOSYSTEMS s.A.

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Israel

 

Jewish National Fund (JNF) KKL
http://www.kkl.org.il/fire/english/default.htm
The Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael (KKL) of the Jewish National Fund (JNF) in Israel provides information on forest fires in Israel, including a fire location map of October 1998.

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Italy

 

ESA/ESRIN
http://shark1.esrin.esa.it/
This web site of the ESA/ESRIN offers the Fire Atlas, a product of the ATSR and AVHRR sensors. Fire events as recorded by the thermal sensors are provided for Africa, South America and South East Asia for the period 1992-1994. Active fire data from Indonesia of 1997 are additionally provided in this very well-done atlas.

 

Earth Watching
http://earth1.esrin.esa.it/
The Earth Watching home page provides new satellite imagery related to disasters like flooding, volcanoes and fires. It gives a good overview of current events. From this web site the FIRE and the IGBP-DIS products can be accessed, along with an extensive list of publications and a bibliography

 

Global Environment Monitoring Unit
http://www-gem.jrc.it/
The GEM Unit (former Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit ) is among Europe’s main players in advancing Earth observation technologies and methodologies, using remote sensing for the assessment of terrestrial and marine ecosystem condition and to monitor anthropogenic actions – such as deforestation and determine their impact on the global environment.
One of the three thematic groups within GEM is TEM – Terrestrial ecosystem monitoring in EU development-assistance priority regions. TEM  provides a long-term picture of the conditions in ecosystems identified according to the priorities of EU aid, development and international environmental policies, including disturbance by fire:
http://www-gem.jrc.it/tem/Disturbance_by_fire/index.htm  

 

IGBP-DIS Global Fire Product
http://www.mtv.sai.jrc.it/fire/gfp/doc/data_archive.htm
The IGBP-DIS Global Fire Product Home Page is a response to a requirement from Global Change scientists for better information on the occurrence and impacts of fire on the Earth’s surface.It  provides a global picture of vegetation fire derived from daily satellite observations (IGBP-DIS 1km AVHRR Product) over the period from April 1992 to December 1993.

 

Lebanon

 

Association for Forest Development and Conservation (AFDC)
http://www.afdc.org.lb
One of the main concerns of AFDC is to develop a working mechanism to prevent and fight forest fires on the national level involving the local community as the major stakeholder. Accordingly, and through its different Units, AFDC is creating a team of volunteers from local community members who are competent and well-trained to combat forest fires in the most important conservation areas. Direct link to the website of the Forest Fire Fighting Programme:
http://www.afdc.org.lb/pages-HTML/AFDC-PROGRAMMES/centre-forest-fighting.htm

 

Portugal

 

Associação para a Promoção da Qualidade de Vida do Meio Rural
http://www.mr2000.pt/
This website of the “Association for the Promotion of Quality of Life in the Rual Space” provides comprehensive information on “Prevention, Safety and Combat of Forest Fires” (in Portuguese)

 

Direcção Regional de Agricultura de Trás-Os-Montes
http://aquinta.espigueiro.pt/dratm/InformacaoTecnica/queimadas/queimadas.asp
The Regional Directorate of Agriculture of Trás-Os-Montes provides safety guidelines for conducting prescribed burning (in Portuguese)

 

Fire Information System of the Centro Nacional de Informação Geográfica
http://scrif.cnig.pt/default.htm (Portuguese)
http://scrif.cnig.pt/default_i.htm (English)
This comprehensive website covers a large fire information system for Portugal. It provides the Forest Fire Risk Cartography (CRIF = Cartografia de Risco de Incendio Florestal) which was created in 1994 under an agreement of the Ministries of Interior Administration, Land Administration and Planning, Agricultural and Environment and Natural Resources. CRIF aims to provide a cartography based in land zones with forest fire risk. In mid 1998 the CRIF Group developed a WWW server in order to show group activity and to put on-line forest fires information. During 1998 a new protocol was signed with Civil Protection National Service, to produce software to manage emergency situations. The website provides information with maps on:

  • Water resources
  • Fire brigades
  • Lookout (fire watch) towers
  • Air fields
  • Facilitation in identification of locations, including GPS

 

Instituto de Meteorologia (IM): Meorological Support to Forest Fire Prevention
http://www.meteo.pt/FogosMR/FogosIngles.html
The collaboration with the operational entities, in real time (normally from June to September), includes the following daily general information:
meteorological observations from the national station network; weather charts; national and regional weather forecast bulletins; satellite imagery; wind field forecast for 24 hours with 3 hours intervals. As specific information, the IM computes and delivers: forest fire danger index computed for about 60 meteorological stations; charts with forest fire risk classes by regions; charts with the forecast of forest fire danger indices tendency; weather bulletin for 48 hours forecast, specific for fire prevention.

 

Ministry of Agriculture, General Directorate for Forest Protection
http://www.dgf.min-agricultura.pt/
A special forest fire website is available in the homepage (in Portuguese): http://www.dgf.min-agricultura.pt/flor/fogos/index.htm
This website provides weekly updates of the fire situation during the current fire season (by district, region, comparison with earlier years, large fires):
http://www.dgf.min-agricultura.pt/flor/fogos/rs_menu.htm
Fire statistics 1980-1999 and Forest fire map 1980-1999

 

Núcleo de Investigação Científica de Incêndios Florestais
http://www.nicif.pt/Nicif/tnmapa.html
The website of the “Nucleus for the Scientific Investigation of Forest Fires” at the University of Coimbra provides information on forest fire research projects (in Portuguese).

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Spain

 

European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL)
Special Interest Group on Forest Fires (FF-SIG)
http://www.geogra.alcala.es/earsel/SIG_group.htm
The University of Alcalá (Spain) hosts the web site of the EARSEL Special Interest Group on Forest Fires. The intention of the web site is to foster communication among members, by maintaining a web site where project results and papers can be disseminated, and personal links between researchers and student mobility be promoted.

 

Incendios Forestales – Forest Fires
http://www.incendiosforestales.org/

This comprehensive website on forest fires in Spain is a joint effort by the Colegio de Ingenieros de Montes and the Ministry for Environment. The website offers comprehensive information on all areas concerned with forest fires (fire prevention, suppression, technical equipment used in Spain, practical advice, fire meteorology, risk maps, legislation). Comprehensive fire statistical databases cover the period starting1961. Most detailed statistical data are available starting 1991. The link section provides international links explained in Spanish. This link section is largely identical with the GFMC link section; thus Spanish speaking readers are encouraged to search at:
http://www.incendiosforestales.org/buscador_web/portal.asp

  MEGAFiReS Project
http://www.geogra.alcala.es/Megafires/web-me.htm
The general goal of this project was to establish an integrated framework to analyse satellite remote sensing images for operational management of large wildland fires in Mediterranean countries. The project tried to improve cartographic and statistical information which is critical to the three phases of fire management: pre-fire planning (fire risk), fire suppression (detection and fighting) and post-fire evaluation (fire effects). All these aspects were considered with a global Mediterranean perspective.

 

Laboratorio de Teledetección
http://www.latuv.uva.es/
The laboratory has developed a forest fire risk index. Examples of 1999 for Spain and its neighbour countries are available at http://www.latuv.uva.es/incendios/incendios.html.

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Silva Mediterranean Forest Fire Working Group

A Region within the Global Wildland Fire Network


Human-caused fires are the most important threat to forests and wooded areas of the Mediterranean Basin. Paradoxically, the fundamental cause of forest fires is linked to increased standards of living among the local populations. Far-reaching social and economic changes in Western Europe have led to a transfer of population from the countryside to the cities, a considerable deceleration of the demographic growth, an abandonment of arable lands and a disinterest in the forest resource as a source of energy. This has resulted in the expansion of wooded areas, erosion of the financial value of the wooded lands, a loss of inhabitants with a sense of responsibility for the forest and, what is important, an increase in the amount of fuel. Regional cooperation in the Mediterranean Region must address the underlying causes of changing fire regimes and a more economic transnational use of fire management resources.


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Mediterranean Region
A Region within the Global Wildland Fire Network


Introduction


In the Mediterranean Region the “Working Group on Forest Fire” of Silva Mediterranea is one of six networks within the region of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) (see also:UNECE/FAO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire).

The objective of the Network is the promotion of forest fire prevention in the Mediterranean basin through the development of the following activities

  • Exchange of information on the national programmes of forest fire protection

  • Training and establishment of data base on forest fires

  • Documentation about preventive silviculture

  • Study of socio-economic conditions of forest fire risk

Website of the Silva Mediterranea Working Group on Forest Fires

Current Highlights

The following activities and documents are published on the Silva Mediterranea Website and mirrored here:

Workshop on Assessment of Forest Fire Risks and Innovative Strategies for Fire Prevention in Europe (Rhodes, Greece, 4-7 May 2010): The workshop was co-organized by the Greek General Directorate of Development and Protection of Forests and Natural Environment, the Department of Forests of Republic of Cyprus, the Union of South European Foresters (USSE), the Ministerial Conference of the Protection of Forests in Europe (FOREST EUROPE), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Silva Mediterranea Committee. The objectives of the workshop were to review the current national forest fire prevention systems in European Countries, to identify innovative strategies, best available practices and possible policy instruments, and to develop policy conclusions and recommendations in relation to forest fire prevention in Europe.

Historic Highlights

Short overview of activities of Silva Mediterranea published in UNECE/FAO International Forest Fire News (IFFN) in 1996:

First Workshop on Multilateral Assistance Against Forest Fires in the Mediterranean Basin (Zaragoza, Spain, 10-11 June 2003): The objectives of the workshop included to study procedures to coordinate the existing mutual agreements and common legal and logistical tools to make effective, when needed, the multilateral assistance against forest fires within the Mediterranean Basin by sharing resources. This workshop was a preliminary activity to prepare a future Mediterranean conference on Multilateral Assistance against forest fires.

Overview of related regional cooperative initiatives (2003): GFMC overview on regional initiatives in the field of transnational cooperation in fire management in the early 2000s:


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Mediterranean Region
A Region within the Global Wildland Fire Network


Background Information, Regional and National Wildland Fire Reports


The following reports from IFFN, FAO and the European Commission provide a general overview of the wildland fire problems in the Mediterranean Basin.


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GlobalNet

Mediterranean Region
A Region within the Global Wildland Fire Network


Country Reports published in UN-FAO/ECE 
International Forest Fire News (IFFN)


ALBANIA ALGERIA CROATIA CYPRUS GREECE FRANCE ISRAEL ITALY PORTUGAL SPAIN

 

ALBANIA

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ALGERIA

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CROATIA

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CYPRUS

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FRANCE

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GREECE

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ISRAEL

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ITALY

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PORTUGAL

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SPAIN

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FAO Global Forest Fire Assessment 1990-2000

The Global Fire Report includes a Europe Region Fire Assessment with Chapter 4.2 “Mediterranean Sub-Region”. The complete file can be downloaded on the FAO and the GFMC websites at:

 


 

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Mediterranean Region
A Region within the Global Wildland Fire Network


Wildland Fire Research in the Mediterranean Basin


Wildland Fire Science

The scientific Mediterranean fire literature is extremely large and comprehensive. A major networking activity in wildland fire science in the Mediterranean Region is provided by the EUFIRELAB. EUFIRELAB is based at the National Research Institute for Agronomy (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique – INRA), Avignon, France. EUFIRELAB is structured in units for reinforcing the co-operation among Euro-Mediterranean teams; activating large exchanges of knowledge and know-how; developing common concepts, approaches, and languages; fostering the common use of facilities for research and/or technological development; and so, avoiding unnecessary and expensive replications in wildland fuel description and modeling, wildland fire behaviour modeling, wildland fire, ecosystems functioning and bio-diversity management, socio-economy, decision support tools, wildland fire measurements methods, wildland fire risks and hazards, wildland fire suppression, and wildland – urban interfaces management. An observatory of wildland fire sciences and an innovative Web site enabling close connections between EUFIRELAB members and with the public area ensure a large dissemination and valorization of EUFIRELAB achievements towards the end-users and stakeholders.

International Conferences on Forest Fire Research

Readers interested in publications are encouraged to look at the proceedings of the series of International Conferences on Forest Fire Research held at the University of Coimbra, Portugal. Five of these international conferences have been held every four years between 1990 and 2010 (the last conference was held 15-18 November 2010, Coimbra, Portugal). A large number of Mediterranean contributions can be found in the conference proceedings. For more information on publications of past conferences contact the head of the organising committees:

Domingos Xavier Viegas
ADAI, Dept. Mechanical Engineering, University of Coimbra
Rua Luis Reis dos Santos
3030-788 Coimbra
Portugal

Tel: +351 239 790732
Fax: +351 239 790771
e-mail:
xavier.viegas@dem.uc.pt

Conference website: www.adai.pt/icffr
 

 


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Mediterranean Region
A Region within the Global Wildland Fire Network


Upcoming and Recent Meetings, Conferences, Wildland Fire Training


Upcoming Meetings

V Simposio Nacional sobre Incendios Forestales

El Simposio Nacional sobre Incendios Forestales, es un encuentro monográfico que pretende llegar a todos y que, año tras año, está consiguiendo hacerse un hueco entre los más eruditos en el tema, siendo ya considerado como un referente en materia de lucha contra los incendios forestales, tanto a nivel nacional como internacional, y todo gracias a las personas, instituciones y empresas que nos validan, edición tras edición, con su apoyo, asistencia y participación: 6-10 de Noviembre de 2012, La Nucía, Alicante, España.

Meetings recently held

Climate Change & Forest Fires in the Mediterranean Basin: Risk Reduction & Management

The objectives of the conference were to share scientific knowledge and practical experience concerning measures required in dealing with forest fires prevention and ecological rehabilitation under climate change, including offering a scientific ground for policy making. The organization of the conference was led by the Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection in cooperation with the Jewish National Fund – KKL in the frame of the CIRCLE – 2 ERA network. The event took place in Nir Etzion, Mount Carmel, Israel, 24-26 January 2012.

El IV Simposio Nacional sobre Incendios Forestales

The IV Simposio Nacional sobre Incendios Forestales was held 2-4 November 2011, La Nucía, Alicante, Spain.

International Conference on Fire Behaviour and Risk Modelling

The International Conference was held in Alghero on the island of Sardinia, Italy, 4-6 October 2011. Topics of the conference include; ‘European Projects on Forest Fires’, ‘Modelling Fire Behaviour and Risk’, ‘Climate and Fire’ and ‘Fire Risk at Wildland Urban Interfaces’.

Seventh Mediterranean Combustion Symposium

The Seventh Mediterranean Combustion Symposium was held in Sardinia, Italy, at Chia Laguna Conference Center in Domus de Maria (Cagliari), 11-15 September 2011.

12th European Heathland Workshop

The 12th European Heathland Workshop (12th EHW) was held in Spain and Portugal. This Workshop was organized 12-18 June 2011 by the Heathland Ecology Group of the University of León (Spain) in collaboration with researchers from the University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro in Portugal.

MEDPINE 4

Inaugurated in 1999, the cycle of MEDPINE conferences have already travelled to Mt Carmel in Israel, Chania in Greece and Bari in Italy. MEDPINE 4 was organised by the Mediterranean Forest Ecology Research Unit of INRA, Avignon. It took place 6-10 June 2011, Petit Louvre, Avignon, France.

The Second Mediterranean Forest Week (Avignon, France, 5-8 April 2011)

The 2011 Mediterranean Forests Week will bring together relevant stakeholders working on/for Mediterranean forests and forestry: EFIMED, FAO and its Silva Mediterranea Committee, AIFM, ARCMED, MFMN, GTZ, COFOR, USSE. The Ministry of Agriculture of France, the PACA region and INRA will host such initiative aiming at providing a dynamic platform where the scientific community, the policy-makers and key stakeholders meet to network and debate around strategic policy-relevant questions. The Forest Fire Working Group Meeting will be held on 5 April 2011.

Workshop on Assessment of Forest Fire Risks and Innovative Strategies for Fire Prevention in Europe (Rhodes, Greece, 4-7 May 2010)
The workshop was co-organized by the Greek General Directorate of Development and Protection of Forests and Natural Environment, the Department of Forests of Republic of Cyprus, the Union of South European Foresters (USSE), the Ministerial Conference of the Protection of Forests in Europe (FOREST EUROPE), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Silva Mediterranea Committee. The objectives of the workshop were to review the current national forest fire prevention systems in European Countries, to identify innovative strategies, best available practices and possible policy instruments, and to develop policy conclusions and recommendations in relation to forest fire prevention in Europe.

Workshop on Forest Fires in the Mediterranean Region: Prevention and Regional Cooperation (2008)

The Workshop was organized in Sabaudia, Italy, from 12 to 15 May 2008, by the Corpo Forestale dello Stato (CFS) of Italy and FAO, with the support of theSilva Mediterranea Working Group on Forest Fires and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission in Ispra, Italy. The report is found on the website of FAO:

Other conferences

See GFMC Web page containing regularly updated announcements of wildland fire meetings:

http://gfmc.online/course/meeting.htm


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Mediterranean Region
A Region within the Global Wildland Fire Network


      Wildland Fire Training


Starting in 2012 academic training will be offered under the new Erasmus Mundus Master Course Programme: MEDfOR – Mediterranean Forestry and Natural Resources Management. The programme includes a course module „Addressing Risks in Mediterranean Forest Management Planning – the Case of Fire“

The programme welcomes students from all over the world. Additional scholarships were recently made available from the Mediterranean Office for Youth (MOY), from the University of Lleida (UL) and from the Projet Régional Silva Mediterranea of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ GmbH).

Course website:

The application information and forms may be checked at:

Contact information:


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Mediterranean Region
A Region within the Global Wildland Fire Network


Newsletters and other publications


Catalan Fire Management Journal ( Lo Forestalillo) – Situationof Forest Fires in Catalonia

The Catalan Fire Management Journal (in Catalan named ´LoForestalillo`) is a monthly publication on the forest fire situation inCatalonia. Under conditions with high fire risk it will be published weekly oreven more often. Since March it also is available as an English online edition.It is sent to fire stations in Catalonia, Forest Service, researchers, etc. with the aims ofhelping the different groups understand the necessities and problems thatCatalonia is facing and to create new possibilities of cooperation, as well as a tool to trainning andeducation.


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