BE 200

BE 200

Multipurpose Amphibious Aircraft

A New Aerial Firefighting Concept – Available for Demonstrations in 2002

The Be-200 Fire-Fighting Amphibious Aircraft
The main purpose of the Be-200 fire-fighting configuration is extinguishing of fires in locations, which are difficult to access by conventional land-based equipment, mostly forest fires. Fire fighting is carried out by means of multiple water drops on a fire site.

For this purpose fire-fighting variant of the aircraft is equipped with eight water tanks located in the bottom part of the aircraft hull under the cabin floor. In order to achieve the greatest effect of aerial fire fighting it is necessary to load on board at least 10-11 tons of water. The Be-200 amphibious aircraft fire-fighting configuration takes on board up to 12 tons of water. Water can be loaded on an airfield as well as scooped on gliding over the water surface within 14 sec. The maximum effect is achieved when there is a possibility of water intake in the nearest lake (river, sea) and jettison water on a frequent turnaround basis.

To increase fire-fighting effectiveness fire-retarding chemicals can be added to water using centrifugal pump. Six tanks for liquid chemical substances of the total volume of 1.2m3 are installed on the board. 
Water and chemicals can be dropped in bulk or the sequence of tank doors opening can be chosen to change the volume of water dropped, depending on fire characteristics (fire concentration, area). In addition due to its high cruise speed the Be-200 has the highest dropping frequency capability per hour (tons of water per hour). At the distance “airfield-fire” 100 km and “fire-water source” 10 km the Be-200 is able to deliver up to 270 t of water on a fire site. High climb rate is a great advantage when fire-fighting mission is to be completed in a limited operational area (mountainous areas) and for water intake/drop with obstacles (trees, hills).


Be-200 Fire-Fighting Amphibious Aircraft
Specifications of the firefighting version

Wing Span, m


Overall Length, m


Overall Height, m



Maximum take-off Weight, t


Weight of water scooped on gliding, t


Maximum afterscoping weight, t


Weight of water dropped per fuelling, t

up to 270


Cruise speed, km/h
Maximum                                                                710
Economy                                                                600 Operational ceiling, m


Max range (one hour fuel reserve), km


Take-off distance up to H=15m (ISA, sea level), m
Land                                                                       700
Water                                                                    1000 Landing distance from H=15m (ISA, sea level), m
Land                                                                        950
Water                                                                    1300 Water tanks, m3 


Chemical liquid tanks, m3 


Scooping speed, km/h


Scooping time, sec


Minimum water drop speed, km/h


Seaworthiness, points


Wave height, m

up to 1.2





BETA-AIR Establishment:

BETA AIR Joint -Stock Company
16, Shmidta Street
Taganrog 347922 Russia
Tel: 7-8634-310712
Fax: 7-8634-310711

International Liaison Group:

ALR, Aerospace Project Development Group
Gotthardstr. 52
CH-8002 Zurich / Switzerland
E-mail:  or 

Further Enquiries:

Global Fire Monitoring Center





HELOG Emergency Response

Appropriate Responses in Wildland Fire Emergency Situations

Efficiency and professionalism coher. Especially when it comes to aerial firefighting. Not only the immediate availability of the appropriate airframe and equipment but also the extensive experience of the team significantly contribute to protect economic assets and to reduce human suffering in crisis situations. HELOG is Europe’s leading aerial works enterprise that has developed crisis reaction capacities.



To learn more about how we can improve your operations please contact the HELOG Emergency Response Team:

HELOG Lufttransport KG
Saegewerkstr. 3
83404 Ainring

Tel:+49-8654-77 99-0
Fax: +49-8654-77 99-15



24-hr Emergency Hotline: 
+41-43-211 6644

CH 6403 Küssnacht am Rigi

Tel:+41-41-854 0 854
Fax:+41-41-854 0 855


HELOG and the GFMC – Joining hands for international wildland fire emergency missions




Integrated Fire Management Expert Group – IFMEG

Integrated Fire Management (IFM) addresses the complex variables and challenges of human-caused fires that result in fire becoming an unwanted symptom of other underlying problems of land use. IFM involves the facilitation of multi-stakeholder and community consultation processes to develop a common understanding about fire-related concerns and issues where fire management is understood as an integral element of sustainable resource management and certification.

IFM is based on two pillars: Cooperation between local communities and land managers to find compromises and solutions in developing a fire management system and a comprehensive fire management strategy combining fire information, prevention and fuel management, preparedness and fire suppression activities. 

IFMEG is a consortium of researchers and practitioners experienced in all aspects of fire management and provides services before, during and after wildland fires.


GFMC: International Wildland Fire Material Suppliers

 Forestry Suppliers, Inc.


Forestry Suppliers (Jackson, MS, USA), Inc. is offering an online catalogue. Under Fire and Rescue Gear several links are found to specific fire management tools and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

Direct contact:
Fax: +1-800-543-4203
Tel: +1-800-647-5368



International Wildland Fire Assistance

International Wildland Fire

Related Information for International Wildfire Emergency Assistance:

International Agreements | Satellite Data | Operators and Equipment | Exercises

In addition to bilateral and multilateral agreements for wildland fire emergency assistance there is a need to conduct international exercises. Exercises include the planning of multi-national response scenarios by the administrations concerned, as well as the deployment of special wildland fire units to foreign territories.

GFMC: International Wildland Fire Material Suppliers



The recognized global leader in wildland fire fighting equipment, Wildfire is a full-line manufacturer and distributor with more than a century of industry experience. Perhaps best known for it’s MARK-3 ® – the benchmark in portable centrifugal pumps – Wildfire also manufactures highest quality: slip-ons, personal protective equipment and accessories, backpacks, forestry tools and in line accessories. Wildfire distributes fire hoses, foam, aqueous firefighting gel and many other related products. The company maintains extensive R&D facilities in the U.S. and Canada and has developed a strong international presence. Wildfire’s expertise and commitment to customer service are second to none.

For more information:

Tel: +1-514-637-5572
Fax: +1-514-637-3985


The Wildfire MARK-3 ® portable centrifugal pump


GFMC: Charter on Cooperation to Achieve the Coordinated Use of Space Facilities inThe Event of Natural or Technological Disasters

Charter on Cooperation to Achieve the Coordinated Use of Space Facilities in The Event of Natural or Technological Disasters


Article I Definitions
Article II Purpose of the Charter
Article III Overall organisation of cooperation
Article IV Contributions by the parties
Article V Associated bodies
Article VI Accession
Article VII Entry into force, expiry and withdrawal
Article VIII Implementation



RECOGNISING the potential applications of space technologies in the management of disasters caused by natural phenomena or technological accidents, and in particular Earth observation, telecommunications, meteorology and positioning technologies;

RECOGNISING the development of initiatives concerning the use of space facilities for managing natural or technological disasters;

RECOGNISING the interest shown by rescue and civil protection, defence and security bodies and the need to respond to that interest by making space facilities more easily accessible;

DESIROUS to strengthen international cooperation in this humanitarian undertaking;

HAVING REGARD to United Nations Resolution 41/65 of 1986 on remote sensing of the Earth from space;

BELIEVING that by combining their resources and efforts, they can improve the use of available space facilities and increase the efficiency of services that may be provided to crisis victims and to the bodies called upon to help them;




Article I – Definitions

For the purposes of this Charter:

The term “natural or technological disaster” means a situation of great distress involving loss of human life or large-scale damage to property, caused by a natural phenomenon, such as a cyclone, tornado, earthquake, volcanic eruption, flood or forest fire, or by a technological accident, such as pollution byhydrocarbons, toxic or radioactive substances;

The term “Charter” means this text;

The term “crisis” means the period immediately before, during or immediately after a natural or technological disaster, in the course of which warning, emergency or rescue operations take place;

The term “space data” means raw data gathered by a space system controlled by one of the parties, or to which that party has access, and transmitted or conveyed to a ground receiving station;

The term “information” means data that have been corrected and processed by the parties using an analysis program, in preparation for use in crisis management by one or more associated bodies in aid of the beneficiaries; it forms the basis for the extraction of specific products for use on location;

The term “space facilities” means space systems for observation, meteorology, positioning, telecommunications and TV broadcasting or elements thereof such as on-board instruments, terminals, beacons, receivers, VSATs and archives;

The term “parties” means the agencies and space system operators that are signatories to the Charter;

The term “associated bodies” means the rescue and civil protection, defence and security bodies or other services referred to in Articles 5.2 and 5.3;

The term “cooperating bodies” refers collectively to the various bodies and institutions, referred to in Article 3.5 of the Charter, with which the parties cooperate;

The term “crisis victims” means any State or community for whose benefit the intervention of the parties is sought by the associated bodies.

The term “beneficiary bodies” means all the bodies benefiting from information intended for crisis management; for example, the authorities and bodies concerned in countries affected by a disaster. Certain associated bodies may also be beneficiaries at the time of a disaster.


Article II – Purpose of the Charter

In promoting cooperation between space agencies and space system operators in the use of space facilities as a contribution to the management of crises arising from natural or technological disasters, the Charter seeks to pursue the following objectives:

  • supply during periods of crisis, to States or communities whose population, activities or property are exposed to an imminent risk, or are already victims, of natural or technological disasters, data providing a basis for critical information for the anticipation and management of potential crises;
  • participation, by means of this data and of the information and services resulting from the exploitation of space facilities, in the organisation of emergency assistance or reconstruction and subsequent operations.


Article III – Overall organisation of cooperation

3.1 The parties shall develop their cooperation on a voluntary basis, no funds being exchanged between them.

3.2 The Charter shall be open, in accordance with the provisions of Article VI below, to space agencies and national or international space system operators wishing to cooperate in it.

3.3 The administrative, operational and technical coordination needed to achieve this cooperation shall be provided by a Board on which each party is represented and an executive Secretariat for implementation of the Charter.

3.4 The authorities and bodies concerned in a country affected by a disaster (beneficiary bodies) should request the intervention of the parties either directly through the rescue and civil protection, defence and security bodies of the country to which one of the parties belongs or of a State belonging to international organisations that are parties to the Charter (associated bodies) or where appropriate via a cooperating body acting in partnership with an associated body.
The country affected by a disaster may also make a direct approach to the parties’ Secretariat but, for the purposes of the intervention itself, the bodies concerned in that country must engage a partnership with one or more associated bodies.
The above provisions in no circumstances prevent parties intervening on their own initiative.

3.5 The European Union, the UN Bureau for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and other recognised national or international organisations, whether governmental or non-governmental, are bodies with which the parties may have cause to cooperate in pursuance of the Charter (cooperating bodies). The Board shall maintain a regularly updated list of cooperating bodies.


Article IV – Contributions by the parties

The parties shall use their best endeavours in the conduct of this cooperation, which shall proceed on the following basis:

4.1 Space facilities available for use

The parties shall undertake to maintain an up-to-date list of the available space facilities under their management and, as far as possible, of such space facilities under the management of private or public operators as may be called upon to supplement the parties’ own facilities. In particular, the list shall specify for each space system the following details:

  • mission characteristics
  • orbital characteristics
  • operational condition
  • programming procedure
  • products and services provided by ground systems.

4.2 Scenario-writing

The parties shall together analyse recent crises for which space facilities could have provided or did provide effective assistance to the authorities and rescue services concerned. A report, structured according to the crises identified and the types of situation encountered, and highlighting possible contributions by existing facilities, shall be prepared by the Secretariat in consultation with the associated bodies described in Article V below and where appropriate with cooperating bodies.

Moreover, the parties shall keep abreast of new methods being developed in applied research for warning of, anticipating and managing disasters. Once these new methods (or technologies) have been identified and validated by the design authorities and associated bodies, they may, with the Board’s approval, be subjected to pre-operational implementation testing. A test report and an assessment of the areas of application of the method would then be prepared by the Secretariat.

Lastly the Secretariat shall be responsible for designing and proposing, on the basis set out above, scenarios for each type of crisis. Each scenario shall state the conditions under which the parties would coordinate, in the event of a crisis being identified, their action in supplying appropriate information and services, access to the available space facilities being planned accordingly. These scenarios, approved by the Board and regularly updated, shall constitute the basis for action in the event of identification of a crisis.

4.3 Identification of a crisis situation

A crisis situation exists primarily where so identified by a country affected by a disaster and at least one associated body seeking the intervention of the parties underthe terms of the Charter, in accordance with the provisions of Article 3.4 above.

The Secretariat shall handle all associated body requests and shall thus have the authority, once it has identified a crisis situation, to arrange for the appropriate action to be taken.

4.4 Planning of space facility availability in the event of a crisis

In the event of a crisis, the parties shall use their best endeavours to plan the availability of space facilities or arrange for it to be so planned.

Such planning shall reflect the provisions described in the corresponding scenarios defined in Article 4.2 above.

In the event of an alert or potential crisis, the parties may, in anticipation, plan the availability of the satellite systems under their control.

4.5 Organisation and assistance on completion of planning arrangements

The parties shall use their best endeavours, in accordance with the identified crisis scenarios, to supply associated bodies and, where appropriate, beneficiary bodies with data, and if necessary associated information and services, gathered by the space facilities.

Implementation of the procedures described in the scenarios implies coordination of tasks between the parties, possibly leading to combining of the available resources:

  • access to data archives
  • merging of the data to aid understanding of pre-crisis situations
  • access to data acquired at the time of the crisis
  • merging of those data to report on the crisis
  • routing of information to the user
  • access to all the technological resources available – telecommunications, data collection, navigation.

The procedures for accessing and integrating data or other services (telecommunications, data collection, navigation) to obtain specific products shall, as far as possible, be stipulated in the scenario descriptions.


Article V – Associated bodies

5.1 The role of associated bodies in intervention by the parties is defined in Article 3.4.

5.2 An associated body shall, for the purposes of this Charter, be an institution or service responsible for rescue and civil protection, defence and security under the authority of a State whose jurisdiction covers an agency or operator that is a party to the Charter, or of a Member State of ESA or of an international organisation that is a party to the Charter.

5.3 Any entity or service authorised to this effect by the Board may also be considered an associated body.

5.4 The parties shall ensure that associated bodies which, at the request of the country or countries affected by a disaster, call on the assistance of the parties undertake to:

  • alert the Secretariat as soon as possible in the event of a crisis and designate their points of contact;
  • promptly provide the Secretariat with the necessary details;
  • use the supplied information only for the purposes defined with the Secretariat;
  • take part as necessary in the relevant meetings organised by the Secretariat;
  • report on the use made of the data, information and services supplied and prepare an assessment of each case for which intervention took place;
  • confirm that no legal action will be taken against the parties in the event of bodily injury, damage or financial loss arising from the execution or non-execution of activities, services or supplies arising out of the Charter;
  • meet any other condition agreed with the Secretariat or Board.


Article VI – Accession

6.1 It is the intent of the parties to encourage the widest possible accession to the Charter by agencies and national or international space system operators.

Requests to adhere to the Charter may be made by any space system operator or space agency with access to space facilities which agrees to contribute to the commitments made by the parties under Article IV above and is willing to assume the responsibilities of a party under the terms of the Charter.

6.2 The Board shall examine accession requests and formulate its recommendations to the parties to the Charter within 180 days of their submission. In doing so, it shall consider that any new accession must, in particular:

  • bring a significant contribution by the acceding party to the intervention capacity required for the purposes of the Charter and a commitment to bear its share of the common costs;
  • help to achieve the objectives of the parties;
  • be such as not to compromise normal deployment of the systems already in place.
  • On the basis of such recommendations by the Board, any accession shall require the unanimous approval of the parties to the Charter.


Article VII – Entry into force, expiry and withdrawal

7.1 The Charter shall enter into force on the day of its signature by at least two parties. It may be terminated at any time by mutual consent of the parties. Any party may withdraw from the Charter after notifying, with 180 days’ notice, the other party or parties in writing of its intention to do so. The possibility of pursuing the mission in a modified form shall be examined by the parties. The party intending to withdraw shall endeavour to maintain continuity of its current contribution.

7.2 Subject to the provisions of Article 7.1 above, the Charter shall remain in force for a period of five years from the date of its entry into force, and shall be automatically extended for subsequent periods of five years.


Article VIII – Implementation

The implementation arrangements for this Charter shall be defined by the parties meeting in the Board.

EN FOI DE QUOI, les Soussignés ont signé la présente Charte en deux originaux, l’un en langue française et l’autre en langue anglaise, chacun des textes faisant également foi.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned have signed the Charter in two originals, one in the French and one in the English language, both texts being equally Authentic.


Fait à Paris le 20 juin 2000
Done in Paris on 20 June 2000

Pour le Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales
Représenté par son Président M. Alain Bensoussan
Et par délégation par son Directeur Général M. Gérard Brachet

For the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales
Represented by its president, Mr. Alain Bensoussan,
And, by delegation, its Director General, Mr. Gérard Brachet

Pour l’Agence Spatiale Européenne
représenté par son Directeur Général M. Antonio Rodotà

For the European Space Agency
Represented by its Director General, Mr. Antonio Rodotà


GFMC: International Wildland Fire Material Suppliers

Spegel Helibuckets


Spegel Mechanical Engineering (Augsburg, Germany) offers a range of helibuckets sizes (550 to 10,000 liters).

Direct contact:
Fax: ++49-821-41 50 86
Tel: ++49-821-41 50 85



GFMC: International Wildland Fire Response Operators and Material Suppliers


International Wildland Fire Response Operators and Material Suppliers

Related Information for International Wildfire Emergency Assistance:

International Agreements | Satellite Data | Operators and Equipment | Exercises

The following companies or organizations are collaborating with the Global Fire Monitoring Center in providing fire fighting assistance in large wildland fire emergencies. Additional addresses have been taken from the World Wide Web. A list of international wildland fire experts available for rapid assessment, training and response missions is on file at the GFMC.

Note: The deployment / involvement of international fire management experts by GFMC and its partners (notably in cooperation with focal points of the UNISDR Global Wildland Fire Network) for wildfire emergency assessment and / or coordination of response has been realized in a number of cases through cooperative agreements with countries or the United Nations (UNEP/OCHA), e.g., the Ethiopia fire emergency in 2000, Viet Nam 2002, Peru 2006; Armenia/Azerbaijan 2006; Kosovo 2007.


I. International Response Groups Cooperating with the GFMC

II. Other Wildland Fire Management Services



III. Other Aerial Wildland Firefighting Services



South Africa


IV. Suppliers of Firefighting Equipment

The following list will be expanded gradually. It will include those commercial suppliers that either have firefighting equipment on stock or readily available through their system.

GFMC: Czech Flying Firefighting Group

Czech Flying Firefighting Group

The Czech Flying Firefighting Group offers the following aircraft for forest fire and other wildland fire suppression:

  • Z-137T (Turboprop)

STOL 1000 litres (2 aircrafts)

  • M-17 Dromader

STOL 2200 litres (2 aircrafts)

  • AN-2

STOL 1350 litres (6 aircrafts and 12 smokejumpers)

  • Z-37/A/C3 Bumblebee

STOL 1 pilot plus 2 observers

  • B-12 Gull (Beriev)

Amphibian 6500 litres, 12 hours on task (to be available in the near future). For general information on Russian amphibian fire fighting planes: See website of Beriev Aircraft Company.

All aircraft have experienced pilots, crews and aerial observers. As “short take off and landing” (STOL) aircraft short grass strips are required. Mobilization: 2 to 3 hours after reuqest, depending on distances.


Radovan Talacko
Pilot Observer
Sturzeneggstr. 19
CH – 9015 St. Gallen

Tel: +41-71-311-3270
Fax: +41-71-311-3270
Emergency mobile phone: ++41-79-648-4651


Z-137T  (27 KB)

Test drop from a Z-137T in Switzerland

Z-137T  (19 KB)

Close-up view of the Z-137T

Z-37A C3   (25 KB)

Fire observation and lead plane Z-37A C3