REGIONAL SOUTH AMERICA WILDLAND FIRE NETWORK

A Region of the Global Wildland Fire Network

     Introduction and Network Coordination


Since the 1990s a number of regional initiatives have been underway in South America to enhance international cooperation in wildland fire research and management. The Brazilian National Space Research Institute (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais – INPE) and the Center for Weather Prediction and Climate Studies (Centro de Previsão de Tempo e Estudos Climáticos – CPTEC) have expanded the domestic scope of work and product delivery. Since 2002 INPE is providing daily data on fire monitoring and fire-weather prediction specifically (detailed) for Brazil and Peru and in an overview format for all South American Countries. In June 2004 representatives of South American countries met in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, to formally establish partnerships and a regional network to enhance international cooperation in wildland fire management. The foundation meeting of the network was held in conjunction with the 3rd South American Symposium on Wildland Fire Control and the 7th Joint Technical Meeting FUPEF/SIF/IPEF on Wildland Fire Control, 14-17 June 2004, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Between 2004 and 2006 the FAO and GFMC supported the development of a “Strategy for Cooperation in Fire Management in South America”, which was part of the “Regional Strategy for Cooperation in Fire Management in Latin America and the Caribbean.

In March 2007 the “Secretaría de Coordinación del Grupo de Trabajo de América del Sur” (at IBAMA / PREVFOGO) (see web page “coordination”) and the Regional Office and Secretariat of the FAO Regional Forestry Commission of Latin America and the Caribbean (Comisión Forestal para América Latina y el Caribe – COFLAC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding and a Work Plan for cooperation and networking in South America.

The next meeting of the regional network took place in the frame of the 5th South American Symposium and 9th Technical Joint Assembly FUPEF / SIF / IPEF on “Forest Fire Control” and 9th Joint Technical FUPEF / SIF / IPEF Meeting on “Forest Fire Control” (V Simpósio Sul-Americano e 9ª. Reunião Técnica Conjunta FUPEF / SIF / IPEF sobre “Controle de incêndios Florestais”; durante a realização da Semana Florestal Brasileira) in Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil (11-12 April 2011).

The International Workshop on Fire Management as a Tool for Wildfire Prevention was held from 12 to 14 March 2012, a collaboration activity between JICA Brasil and the National Center for Wild Fire Prevention and Combat Prevfogo, under the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Renewable Resources Ibama. The workshop was proposed as a follow up seminar with the goal to discuss a major hot topic in Brazilian forest conservation management the relationship between forest fire prevention and the use of prescribed fire as an integrated tool of fire management. The main objectives of this workshop were to provide a forum for international exchange on a somewhat controversial topic in Brazil – the use of prescribed fire – as well as to obtain a picture of what African countries with similar geography and challenges with wildland fires may be able to gain from cooperating with Brazil in the area of fire management.


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